COVID-19 anxiety among front-line nurses: Predictive role of organisational support, personal resilience and social support

Leodoro J. Labrague*, Janet Alexis A. De los Santos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

252 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: This study examines the relative influence of personal resilience, social support and organisational support in reducing COVID-19 anxiety in front-line nurses. Background: Anxiety related to the COVID-19 pandemic is prevalent in the nursing workforce, potentially affecting nurses’ well-being and work performance. Identifying factors that could help maintain mental health and reduce coronavirus-related anxiety among front-line nurses is imperative. Currently, no studies have been conducted examining the influence of personal resilience, social support and organisational support in reducing COVID-19 anxiety among nurses. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 325 registered nurses from the Philippines using four standardized scales. Results: Of the 325 nurses in the study, 123 (37.8%) were found to have dysfunctional levels of anxiety. Using multiple linear regression analyses, social support (β = −0.142, p =.011), personal resilience (β = −0.151, p =.008) and organisational support (β = −0.127, p =.023) predicted COVID-19 anxiety. Nurse characteristics were not associated with COVID-19 anxiety. Conclusions: Resilient nurses and those who perceived higher organisational and social support were more likely to report lower anxiety related to COVID-19. Implication for Nursing Management: COVID-19 anxiety may be addressed through organisational interventions, including increasing social support, assuring adequate organisational support, providing psychological and mental support services and providing resilience-promoting and stress management interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1653-1661
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020


  • anxiety
  • coronavirus
  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • nursing
  • organisational support
  • resilience
  • social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management

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