Acoplamiento de datos isotópicos y piezométricos para inferir mecanismos de recarga del agua subterránea en áreas áridas

ejemplo de Samail Catchment, Omán

Translated title of the contribution: Coupling isotopic and piezometric data to infer groundwater recharge mechanisms in arid areas: example of Samail Catchment, Oman

Osman Abdalla, Talal Al Hosni, Abdullah Al-Rawahi, Anvar Kassimov, Ian Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrochemistry and well hydrographs are coupled to assess groundwater recharge in the regional catchment of Samail, Oman. The complex geology comprises three aquifers: limestones of the Hajar Supergroup (HSG) at the highlands of North Oman Mountains (NOM); fractured/weathered ophiolites; and Quaternary alluvium. Groundwater flows south–north from the NOM to the coast. Samples from groundwater wells and springs (38) were analyzed for isotopes and major ions. Corrected 14C dating reveals modern groundwater across the entire catchment, while 87Sr/86Sr (0.70810–0.70895) shows greater homogeneity. Groundwater in the upper catchment is depleted in 2H and 18O, indicating a high-altitude recharge source (NOM), and becomes enriched downstream, with a slope indicating an evaporation effect. The hydrographs of nested piezometers located in the upper, middle and lower catchment show different recharge responses between deep and shallower depths. Head difference in response to recharge is observed upstream, suggesting a lateral recharge mechanism, contrary to vertical recharge downstream reflected in identical recharge responses. The homogeneous 87Sr/86Sr ratio, head changes, downstream enrichment of 2H and 18O, and the presence of modern groundwater throughout the catchment suggest that groundwater recharge takes place across the entire catchment and that the three aquifers are hydraulically connected. The recharge estimated using the chloride mass balance method is in the range of 0–43% of the mean annual rainfall.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalHydrogeology Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jun 25 2018

Fingerprint

recharge
catchment
groundwater
hydrograph
mountain
aquifer
hydrochemistry
piezometer
alluvial deposit
homogeneity
groundwater flow
mass balance
evaporation
chloride
geology
limestone
isotope
well
rainfall
ion

Keywords

  • Arid regions
  • Chloride mass balance
  • Groundwater recharge
  • MENA
  • Oman

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

@article{64ebe1d65fc64282a58dedbe06d81fb3,
title = "Acoplamiento de datos isot{\'o}picos y piezom{\'e}tricos para inferir mecanismos de recarga del agua subterr{\'a}nea en {\'a}reas {\'a}ridas: ejemplo de Samail Catchment, Om{\'a}n",
abstract = "Hydrochemistry and well hydrographs are coupled to assess groundwater recharge in the regional catchment of Samail, Oman. The complex geology comprises three aquifers: limestones of the Hajar Supergroup (HSG) at the highlands of North Oman Mountains (NOM); fractured/weathered ophiolites; and Quaternary alluvium. Groundwater flows south–north from the NOM to the coast. Samples from groundwater wells and springs (38) were analyzed for isotopes and major ions. Corrected 14C dating reveals modern groundwater across the entire catchment, while 87Sr/86Sr (0.70810–0.70895) shows greater homogeneity. Groundwater in the upper catchment is depleted in 2H and 18O, indicating a high-altitude recharge source (NOM), and becomes enriched downstream, with a slope indicating an evaporation effect. The hydrographs of nested piezometers located in the upper, middle and lower catchment show different recharge responses between deep and shallower depths. Head difference in response to recharge is observed upstream, suggesting a lateral recharge mechanism, contrary to vertical recharge downstream reflected in identical recharge responses. The homogeneous 87Sr/86Sr ratio, head changes, downstream enrichment of 2H and 18O, and the presence of modern groundwater throughout the catchment suggest that groundwater recharge takes place across the entire catchment and that the three aquifers are hydraulically connected. The recharge estimated using the chloride mass balance method is in the range of 0–43{\%} of the mean annual rainfall.",
keywords = "Arid regions, Chloride mass balance, Groundwater recharge, MENA, Oman",
author = "Osman Abdalla and {Al Hosni}, Talal and Abdullah Al-Rawahi and Anvar Kassimov and Ian Clark",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1007/s10040-018-1818-y",
language = "Spanish",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Hydrogeology Journal",
issn = "1431-2174",
publisher = "Springer Heidelberg",

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T1 - Acoplamiento de datos isotópicos y piezométricos para inferir mecanismos de recarga del agua subterránea en áreas áridas

T2 - ejemplo de Samail Catchment, Omán

AU - Abdalla, Osman

AU - Al Hosni, Talal

AU - Al-Rawahi, Abdullah

AU - Kassimov, Anvar

AU - Clark, Ian

PY - 2018/6/25

Y1 - 2018/6/25

N2 - Hydrochemistry and well hydrographs are coupled to assess groundwater recharge in the regional catchment of Samail, Oman. The complex geology comprises three aquifers: limestones of the Hajar Supergroup (HSG) at the highlands of North Oman Mountains (NOM); fractured/weathered ophiolites; and Quaternary alluvium. Groundwater flows south–north from the NOM to the coast. Samples from groundwater wells and springs (38) were analyzed for isotopes and major ions. Corrected 14C dating reveals modern groundwater across the entire catchment, while 87Sr/86Sr (0.70810–0.70895) shows greater homogeneity. Groundwater in the upper catchment is depleted in 2H and 18O, indicating a high-altitude recharge source (NOM), and becomes enriched downstream, with a slope indicating an evaporation effect. The hydrographs of nested piezometers located in the upper, middle and lower catchment show different recharge responses between deep and shallower depths. Head difference in response to recharge is observed upstream, suggesting a lateral recharge mechanism, contrary to vertical recharge downstream reflected in identical recharge responses. The homogeneous 87Sr/86Sr ratio, head changes, downstream enrichment of 2H and 18O, and the presence of modern groundwater throughout the catchment suggest that groundwater recharge takes place across the entire catchment and that the three aquifers are hydraulically connected. The recharge estimated using the chloride mass balance method is in the range of 0–43% of the mean annual rainfall.

AB - Hydrochemistry and well hydrographs are coupled to assess groundwater recharge in the regional catchment of Samail, Oman. The complex geology comprises three aquifers: limestones of the Hajar Supergroup (HSG) at the highlands of North Oman Mountains (NOM); fractured/weathered ophiolites; and Quaternary alluvium. Groundwater flows south–north from the NOM to the coast. Samples from groundwater wells and springs (38) were analyzed for isotopes and major ions. Corrected 14C dating reveals modern groundwater across the entire catchment, while 87Sr/86Sr (0.70810–0.70895) shows greater homogeneity. Groundwater in the upper catchment is depleted in 2H and 18O, indicating a high-altitude recharge source (NOM), and becomes enriched downstream, with a slope indicating an evaporation effect. The hydrographs of nested piezometers located in the upper, middle and lower catchment show different recharge responses between deep and shallower depths. Head difference in response to recharge is observed upstream, suggesting a lateral recharge mechanism, contrary to vertical recharge downstream reflected in identical recharge responses. The homogeneous 87Sr/86Sr ratio, head changes, downstream enrichment of 2H and 18O, and the presence of modern groundwater throughout the catchment suggest that groundwater recharge takes place across the entire catchment and that the three aquifers are hydraulically connected. The recharge estimated using the chloride mass balance method is in the range of 0–43% of the mean annual rainfall.

KW - Arid regions

KW - Chloride mass balance

KW - Groundwater recharge

KW - MENA

KW - Oman

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U2 - 10.1007/s10040-018-1818-y

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