Cortical bone drilling: An experimental and numerical study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bone drilling is a common surgical procedure in orthopedics, dental and neurosurgeries. In conventional bone drilling process, the surgeon exerts a considerable amount of pressure to penetrate the drill into the bone tissue. Controlled penetration of drill in the bone is necessary for safe and efficient drilling. OBJECTIVE: Development of a validated Finite Element (FE) model of cortical bone drilling. METHODS: Drilling experiments were conducted on bovine cortical bone. The FE model of the bone drilling was based on mechanical properties obtained from literature data and additionally conducted microindentation tests on the cortical bone. RESULTS: The magnitude of stress in bone was found to decrease exponentially away from the lips of the drill in simulations. Feed rate was found to be the main influential factor affecting the force and torque in the numerical simulations and experiments. The drilling thrust force and torque were found to be unaffected by the drilling speed in numerical simulations. Simulated forces and torques were compared with experimental results for similar drilling conditions and were found in good agreement. CONCLUSIONS: FE schemes may be successfully applied to model complex kinematics of bone drilling process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-231
Number of pages9
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Drilling
Bone
Bone and Bones
Mandrillus
Torque
Orthopedic Procedures
Neurosurgery
Lip
Cortical Bone
Biomechanical Phenomena
Tooth
Computer simulation
Orthopedics
Pressure
Kinematics
Experiments
Tissue
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • Bone drilling
  • drilling torque
  • finite element method
  • orthopedics
  • thrust force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Cortical bone drilling : An experimental and numerical study. / Alam, Khurshid; Bahadur, Issam M.; Ahmed, Naseer.

In: Technology and Health Care, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2015, p. 223-231.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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