Cortical bone drilling: An experimental and numerical study

Khurshid Alam*, Issam M. Bahadur, Naseer Ahmed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Bone drilling is a common surgical procedure in orthopedics, dental and neurosurgeries. In conventional bone drilling process, the surgeon exerts a considerable amount of pressure to penetrate the drill into the bone tissue. Controlled penetration of drill in the bone is necessary for safe and efficient drilling. OBJECTIVE: Development of a validated Finite Element (FE) model of cortical bone drilling. METHODS: Drilling experiments were conducted on bovine cortical bone. The FE model of the bone drilling was based on mechanical properties obtained from literature data and additionally conducted microindentation tests on the cortical bone. RESULTS: The magnitude of stress in bone was found to decrease exponentially away from the lips of the drill in simulations. Feed rate was found to be the main influential factor affecting the force and torque in the numerical simulations and experiments. The drilling thrust force and torque were found to be unaffected by the drilling speed in numerical simulations. Simulated forces and torques were compared with experimental results for similar drilling conditions and were found in good agreement. CONCLUSIONS: FE schemes may be successfully applied to model complex kinematics of bone drilling process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-231
Number of pages9
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Bone drilling
  • drilling torque
  • finite element method
  • orthopedics
  • thrust force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Information Systems
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics


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