Control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults with previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus: A descriptive study from a middle eastern Arab population

Jawad A. Al-Lawati, Mohammed N. Barakat, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Medhat K. Elsayed, Masoud Al-Maskari, Nawar M. Al-Lawati, Ali Jaffer Mohammed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Despite the high burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Oman, there are scarce data from a nationally representative sample on the level of glycaemia and other cardiovascular (CVD) risk factor control. Objective: To estimate the proportion of patients with T2DM at goal for glycaemia and CVD risk factors using the Na-tional Diabetes Guidelines (NDG) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) clinical care guidelines; and to assess the quality of selected services provided to patients with T2DM. Methods: A sample of 2,551 patients (47% men) aged ≥20 years with T2DM treated at primary health care centers was se-lected. Patient characteristics, medical history and treatment were collected from case notes, Diabetes Registers and com-puter frameworks including the use of the last 3 laboratory investigations results and blood pressure (BP) readings re-corded in 2007. Results: The overall mean age of the cohort was 54±13 years with an average median duration of diabetes of 4 (range 2 to 6) years. Over 80% of patients were overweight or obese (body mass index (BMI) of ≥25 Kg/m2). Sixty-nine percent were on oral anti-diabetic medication, 52% on anti-hypertensives and 40% on lipid lowering drugs. Thirty percent of patients were at goal for glycosylated haemoglobin level (1 mmol/l for men, >1.3 mmol/l for women), and 61% for triglycerides (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-140
Number of pages8
JournalOpen Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Cardiovascular Diseases
Population
Guidelines
Oman
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Antihypertensive Agents
Reading
Primary Health Care
Triglycerides
Body Mass Index
Blood Pressure
Lipids
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Glycosylated hemoglobin Alc
  • High-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • Oman
  • Triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults with previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus : A descriptive study from a middle eastern Arab population. / Al-Lawati, Jawad A.; Barakat, Mohammed N.; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim; Elsayed, Medhat K.; Al-Maskari, Masoud; Al-Lawati, Nawar M.; Mohammed, Ali Jaffer.

In: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2012, p. 133-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Lawati, Jawad A. ; Barakat, Mohammed N. ; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim ; Elsayed, Medhat K. ; Al-Maskari, Masoud ; Al-Lawati, Nawar M. ; Mohammed, Ali Jaffer. / Control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults with previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus : A descriptive study from a middle eastern Arab population. In: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 133-140.
@article{9625f37b75de4510b7d3702e36c81e11,
title = "Control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults with previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus: A descriptive study from a middle eastern Arab population",
abstract = "Background: Despite the high burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Oman, there are scarce data from a nationally representative sample on the level of glycaemia and other cardiovascular (CVD) risk factor control. Objective: To estimate the proportion of patients with T2DM at goal for glycaemia and CVD risk factors using the Na-tional Diabetes Guidelines (NDG) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) clinical care guidelines; and to assess the quality of selected services provided to patients with T2DM. Methods: A sample of 2,551 patients (47{\%} men) aged ≥20 years with T2DM treated at primary health care centers was se-lected. Patient characteristics, medical history and treatment were collected from case notes, Diabetes Registers and com-puter frameworks including the use of the last 3 laboratory investigations results and blood pressure (BP) readings re-corded in 2007. Results: The overall mean age of the cohort was 54±13 years with an average median duration of diabetes of 4 (range 2 to 6) years. Over 80{\%} of patients were overweight or obese (body mass index (BMI) of ≥25 Kg/m2). Sixty-nine percent were on oral anti-diabetic medication, 52{\%} on anti-hypertensives and 40{\%} on lipid lowering drugs. Thirty percent of patients were at goal for glycosylated haemoglobin level (1 mmol/l for men, >1.3 mmol/l for women), and 61{\%} for triglycerides (",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Diabetes mellitus, Glycosylated hemoglobin Alc, High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Oman, Triglycerides",
author = "Al-Lawati, {Jawad A.} and Barakat, {Mohammed N.} and Ibrahim Al-Zakwani and Elsayed, {Medhat K.} and Masoud Al-Maskari and Al-Lawati, {Nawar M.} and Mohammed, {Ali Jaffer}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.2174/1874192401206010133",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "133--140",
journal = "Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal",
issn = "1874-1924",
publisher = "Bentham Science Publishers B.V.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults with previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus

T2 - A descriptive study from a middle eastern Arab population

AU - Al-Lawati, Jawad A.

AU - Barakat, Mohammed N.

AU - Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim

AU - Elsayed, Medhat K.

AU - Al-Maskari, Masoud

AU - Al-Lawati, Nawar M.

AU - Mohammed, Ali Jaffer

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background: Despite the high burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Oman, there are scarce data from a nationally representative sample on the level of glycaemia and other cardiovascular (CVD) risk factor control. Objective: To estimate the proportion of patients with T2DM at goal for glycaemia and CVD risk factors using the Na-tional Diabetes Guidelines (NDG) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) clinical care guidelines; and to assess the quality of selected services provided to patients with T2DM. Methods: A sample of 2,551 patients (47% men) aged ≥20 years with T2DM treated at primary health care centers was se-lected. Patient characteristics, medical history and treatment were collected from case notes, Diabetes Registers and com-puter frameworks including the use of the last 3 laboratory investigations results and blood pressure (BP) readings re-corded in 2007. Results: The overall mean age of the cohort was 54±13 years with an average median duration of diabetes of 4 (range 2 to 6) years. Over 80% of patients were overweight or obese (body mass index (BMI) of ≥25 Kg/m2). Sixty-nine percent were on oral anti-diabetic medication, 52% on anti-hypertensives and 40% on lipid lowering drugs. Thirty percent of patients were at goal for glycosylated haemoglobin level (1 mmol/l for men, >1.3 mmol/l for women), and 61% for triglycerides (

AB - Background: Despite the high burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Oman, there are scarce data from a nationally representative sample on the level of glycaemia and other cardiovascular (CVD) risk factor control. Objective: To estimate the proportion of patients with T2DM at goal for glycaemia and CVD risk factors using the Na-tional Diabetes Guidelines (NDG) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) clinical care guidelines; and to assess the quality of selected services provided to patients with T2DM. Methods: A sample of 2,551 patients (47% men) aged ≥20 years with T2DM treated at primary health care centers was se-lected. Patient characteristics, medical history and treatment were collected from case notes, Diabetes Registers and com-puter frameworks including the use of the last 3 laboratory investigations results and blood pressure (BP) readings re-corded in 2007. Results: The overall mean age of the cohort was 54±13 years with an average median duration of diabetes of 4 (range 2 to 6) years. Over 80% of patients were overweight or obese (body mass index (BMI) of ≥25 Kg/m2). Sixty-nine percent were on oral anti-diabetic medication, 52% on anti-hypertensives and 40% on lipid lowering drugs. Thirty percent of patients were at goal for glycosylated haemoglobin level (1 mmol/l for men, >1.3 mmol/l for women), and 61% for triglycerides (

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Diabetes mellitus

KW - Glycosylated hemoglobin Alc

KW - High-density lipoprotein cholesterol

KW - Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

KW - Oman

KW - Triglycerides

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84870995606&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84870995606&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2174/1874192401206010133

DO - 10.2174/1874192401206010133

M3 - Article

C2 - 23166566

AN - SCOPUS:84870995606

VL - 6

SP - 133

EP - 140

JO - Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal

JF - Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal

SN - 1874-1924

IS - 1

ER -