Control of magnetization reversal and domain structure in (Co/Ni) multilayers

A. Al Subhi, R. Sbiaa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a study of the magnetic properties of [Co(0.3 nm)/Ni(0.6 nm)]×N multilayers as a function of bilayer repetitions N. From magnetometery measurements, magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), a correlation between the magnetic and structural properties could be made. It is shown that the multilayers exhibit square hysteresis loops for N ≤ 8 with a maximum coercivity of about 220 Oe for N = 8. The XRD scan and rocking curve measurements reveal that fcc phase of (Co/Ni) is improved for a larger value of N. Micromagnetic simulation is conducted on each multilayer at demagnetized state to reproduce the MFM images. From the best correspondence of the experimental and simulated domain structures, intrinsic parameters such as saturation magnetization Ms anisotropy energy Ku and average domain size were obtained. It is found that Ms value of all the multilayers is about 800 emu/cm3 with less than 3% difference. On the other hand, Ku shows a continuous decrease with N down to 12% from its largest value for 4 bilayers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165460
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume489
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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