Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism

Personhood beliefs across 37 national groups

Ellinor Owe, Vivian L. Vignoles, Maja Becker, Rupert Brown, Peter B. Smith, Spike W.S. Lee, Matt Easterbrook, Tanuja Gadre, Xiao Zhang, Mirona Gheorghiu, Peter Baguma, Alexander Tatarko, Said Aldhafri, Martina Zinkeng, Seth J. Schwartz, Sabrina E. Des Rosiers, Juan A. Villamar, Kassahun Habtamu Mekonnen, Camillo Regalia, Claudia Manzi & 59 others Maria Brambilla, Ersin Kusdil, Selinay Çaǧlar, Alin Gavreliuc, Mariana Martin, Zhang Jianxin, Shaobo Lv, Ronald Fischer, Taciano L. Milfont, Ana Torres, Leoncio Camino, Robert Kreuzbauer, Nicolay Gausel, Johanna H. Buitendach, Flávia Cristina Silveira Lemos, Immo Fritsche, Bettina Möller, Charles Harb, Aune Valk, Agustín Espinosa, Jas Laile Jaafar, Masaki Yuki, M. Cristina Ferreira, Phatthanakit Chobthamkit, Márta Fülöp, Aneta Chybicka, Qian Wang, Michael Harris Bond, Roberto González, Nicolas Didier, Diego Carrasco, Maria Paz Cadena, Siugmin Lay, Ragna B. Gardarsdóttir, George Nizharadze, Tom Pyszczynski, Pelin Kesebir, Ginette Herman, Isabelle de Sauvage, Marie Courtois, David Bourguignon, Emre Özgen, Ülku E. Güner, Nil Yamakoǧlu, Sami Abuhamdeh, Andrew Mogaji, Ma Elizabeth J. Macapagal, Silvia H. Koller, Benjamin Amponsah, Girishwar Misra, Preeti Kapur, Elvia Vargas Trujillo, Paola Balanta, Boris Cendales Ayala, Inge Schweiger Gallo, Paula Prieto Gil, Raquel Lorente Clemares, Gabriella Campara, Baland Jalal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 8,652), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption, and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 35 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-45
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

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Personhood
collectivism
individualism
Group
Psychometrics
outgroup
psychometrics
corruption
Values
Research

Keywords

  • cross-cultural differences
  • individualism-collectivism
  • measurement invariance
  • personhood beliefs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism : Personhood beliefs across 37 national groups. / Owe, Ellinor; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Becker, Maja; Brown, Rupert; Smith, Peter B.; Lee, Spike W.S.; Easterbrook, Matt; Gadre, Tanuja; Zhang, Xiao; Gheorghiu, Mirona; Baguma, Peter; Tatarko, Alexander; Aldhafri, Said; Zinkeng, Martina; Schwartz, Seth J.; Des Rosiers, Sabrina E.; Villamar, Juan A.; Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu; Regalia, Camillo; Manzi, Claudia; Brambilla, Maria; Kusdil, Ersin; Çaǧlar, Selinay; Gavreliuc, Alin; Martin, Mariana; Jianxin, Zhang; Lv, Shaobo; Fischer, Ronald; Milfont, Taciano L.; Torres, Ana; Camino, Leoncio; Kreuzbauer, Robert; Gausel, Nicolay; Buitendach, Johanna H.; Lemos, Flávia Cristina Silveira; Fritsche, Immo; Möller, Bettina; Harb, Charles; Valk, Aune; Espinosa, Agustín; Jaafar, Jas Laile; Yuki, Masaki; Ferreira, M. Cristina; Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit; Fülöp, Márta; Chybicka, Aneta; Wang, Qian; Bond, Michael Harris; González, Roberto; Didier, Nicolas; Carrasco, Diego; Cadena, Maria Paz; Lay, Siugmin; Gardarsdóttir, Ragna B.; Nizharadze, George; Pyszczynski, Tom; Kesebir, Pelin; Herman, Ginette; de Sauvage, Isabelle; Courtois, Marie; Bourguignon, David; Özgen, Emre; Güner, Ülku E.; Yamakoǧlu, Nil; Abuhamdeh, Sami; Mogaji, Andrew; Macapagal, Ma Elizabeth J.; Koller, Silvia H.; Amponsah, Benjamin; Misra, Girishwar; Kapur, Preeti; Vargas Trujillo, Elvia; Balanta, Paola; Cendales Ayala, Boris; Schweiger Gallo, Inge; Prieto Gil, Paula; Clemares, Raquel Lorente; Campara, Gabriella; Jalal, Baland.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 24-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Owe, E, Vignoles, VL, Becker, M, Brown, R, Smith, PB, Lee, SWS, Easterbrook, M, Gadre, T, Zhang, X, Gheorghiu, M, Baguma, P, Tatarko, A, Aldhafri, S, Zinkeng, M, Schwartz, SJ, Des Rosiers, SE, Villamar, JA, Mekonnen, KH, Regalia, C, Manzi, C, Brambilla, M, Kusdil, E, Çaǧlar, S, Gavreliuc, A, Martin, M, Jianxin, Z, Lv, S, Fischer, R, Milfont, TL, Torres, A, Camino, L, Kreuzbauer, R, Gausel, N, Buitendach, JH, Lemos, FCS, Fritsche, I, Möller, B, Harb, C, Valk, A, Espinosa, A, Jaafar, JL, Yuki, M, Ferreira, MC, Chobthamkit, P, Fülöp, M, Chybicka, A, Wang, Q, Bond, MH, González, R, Didier, N, Carrasco, D, Cadena, MP, Lay, S, Gardarsdóttir, RB, Nizharadze, G, Pyszczynski, T, Kesebir, P, Herman, G, de Sauvage, I, Courtois, M, Bourguignon, D, Özgen, E, Güner, ÜE, Yamakoǧlu, N, Abuhamdeh, S, Mogaji, A, Macapagal, MEJ, Koller, SH, Amponsah, B, Misra, G, Kapur, P, Vargas Trujillo, E, Balanta, P, Cendales Ayala, B, Schweiger Gallo, I, Prieto Gil, P, Clemares, RL, Campara, G & Jalal, B 2013, 'Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: Personhood beliefs across 37 national groups', Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 24-45. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022111430255
Owe, Ellinor ; Vignoles, Vivian L. ; Becker, Maja ; Brown, Rupert ; Smith, Peter B. ; Lee, Spike W.S. ; Easterbrook, Matt ; Gadre, Tanuja ; Zhang, Xiao ; Gheorghiu, Mirona ; Baguma, Peter ; Tatarko, Alexander ; Aldhafri, Said ; Zinkeng, Martina ; Schwartz, Seth J. ; Des Rosiers, Sabrina E. ; Villamar, Juan A. ; Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu ; Regalia, Camillo ; Manzi, Claudia ; Brambilla, Maria ; Kusdil, Ersin ; Çaǧlar, Selinay ; Gavreliuc, Alin ; Martin, Mariana ; Jianxin, Zhang ; Lv, Shaobo ; Fischer, Ronald ; Milfont, Taciano L. ; Torres, Ana ; Camino, Leoncio ; Kreuzbauer, Robert ; Gausel, Nicolay ; Buitendach, Johanna H. ; Lemos, Flávia Cristina Silveira ; Fritsche, Immo ; Möller, Bettina ; Harb, Charles ; Valk, Aune ; Espinosa, Agustín ; Jaafar, Jas Laile ; Yuki, Masaki ; Ferreira, M. Cristina ; Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit ; Fülöp, Márta ; Chybicka, Aneta ; Wang, Qian ; Bond, Michael Harris ; González, Roberto ; Didier, Nicolas ; Carrasco, Diego ; Cadena, Maria Paz ; Lay, Siugmin ; Gardarsdóttir, Ragna B. ; Nizharadze, George ; Pyszczynski, Tom ; Kesebir, Pelin ; Herman, Ginette ; de Sauvage, Isabelle ; Courtois, Marie ; Bourguignon, David ; Özgen, Emre ; Güner, Ülku E. ; Yamakoǧlu, Nil ; Abuhamdeh, Sami ; Mogaji, Andrew ; Macapagal, Ma Elizabeth J. ; Koller, Silvia H. ; Amponsah, Benjamin ; Misra, Girishwar ; Kapur, Preeti ; Vargas Trujillo, Elvia ; Balanta, Paola ; Cendales Ayala, Boris ; Schweiger Gallo, Inge ; Prieto Gil, Paula ; Clemares, Raquel Lorente ; Campara, Gabriella ; Jalal, Baland. / Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism : Personhood beliefs across 37 national groups. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 24-45.
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AU - Owe, Ellinor

AU - Vignoles, Vivian L.

AU - Becker, Maja

AU - Brown, Rupert

AU - Smith, Peter B.

AU - Lee, Spike W.S.

AU - Easterbrook, Matt

AU - Gadre, Tanuja

AU - Zhang, Xiao

AU - Gheorghiu, Mirona

AU - Baguma, Peter

AU - Tatarko, Alexander

AU - Aldhafri, Said

AU - Zinkeng, Martina

AU - Schwartz, Seth J.

AU - Des Rosiers, Sabrina E.

AU - Villamar, Juan A.

AU - Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu

AU - Regalia, Camillo

AU - Manzi, Claudia

AU - Brambilla, Maria

AU - Kusdil, Ersin

AU - Çaǧlar, Selinay

AU - Gavreliuc, Alin

AU - Martin, Mariana

AU - Jianxin, Zhang

AU - Lv, Shaobo

AU - Fischer, Ronald

AU - Milfont, Taciano L.

AU - Torres, Ana

AU - Camino, Leoncio

AU - Kreuzbauer, Robert

AU - Gausel, Nicolay

AU - Buitendach, Johanna H.

AU - Lemos, Flávia Cristina Silveira

AU - Fritsche, Immo

AU - Möller, Bettina

AU - Harb, Charles

AU - Valk, Aune

AU - Espinosa, Agustín

AU - Jaafar, Jas Laile

AU - Yuki, Masaki

AU - Ferreira, M. Cristina

AU - Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit

AU - Fülöp, Márta

AU - Chybicka, Aneta

AU - Wang, Qian

AU - Bond, Michael Harris

AU - González, Roberto

AU - Didier, Nicolas

AU - Carrasco, Diego

AU - Cadena, Maria Paz

AU - Lay, Siugmin

AU - Gardarsdóttir, Ragna B.

AU - Nizharadze, George

AU - Pyszczynski, Tom

AU - Kesebir, Pelin

AU - Herman, Ginette

AU - de Sauvage, Isabelle

AU - Courtois, Marie

AU - Bourguignon, David

AU - Özgen, Emre

AU - Güner, Ülku E.

AU - Yamakoǧlu, Nil

AU - Abuhamdeh, Sami

AU - Mogaji, Andrew

AU - Macapagal, Ma Elizabeth J.

AU - Koller, Silvia H.

AU - Amponsah, Benjamin

AU - Misra, Girishwar

AU - Kapur, Preeti

AU - Vargas Trujillo, Elvia

AU - Balanta, Paola

AU - Cendales Ayala, Boris

AU - Schweiger Gallo, Inge

AU - Prieto Gil, Paula

AU - Clemares, Raquel Lorente

AU - Campara, Gabriella

AU - Jalal, Baland

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AB - Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 8,652), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption, and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 35 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes.

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KW - individualism-collectivism

KW - measurement invariance

KW - personhood beliefs

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