Connectivity between aquifers: Evidence from 87SR/86SR ratio and from stable isotopes case study of Oman

Khadija Semhi, Osman Abdalla, Talal Al Hosni, Rashid Al Abri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Isotope techniques are powerful tools in hydrological studies such as determination of groundwater age, recharge source, groundwater mixing etc. The aim of this study is to identify physico-chemical processes that control groundwater in North Oman. We have collected several groundwater samples in North Oman from different geological units namely the tertiary formations, Hajar super group (HSG) formations and ophiolite which comprise different aquifers. All groundwater samples were analyzed for strontium87Sr/86Sr ratio and environmentally stable isotopes (18O/16O (δ18O) and2H/1H (δ2H)). The analysis of the stable isotopes data (δ2H and δ18O) suggests (1) a groundwater recharge to the ophiolite from the HSG and from direct infiltration and (2) groundwater in the tertiary formations formed from meteoric and evaporated waters. The different aquifers have shown variable 87 Sr/86Sr ratio that ranges between 0.70840 and 0.70864 for the ophiolite aquifer, 0.70776 and 0.71141 for groundwater from the Tertiary aquifer and from 0.70798 to 0.70938 for the groundwater from the HSG aquifer. The relationship between87Sr/86Sr ratio and 1/Sr indicates aquifers’ inter-connectivity and suggests recharge from the HSG into the ophiolite. Groundwater of the Tertiary aquifer is from two main reservoirs: (1) a reservoir generated by a mixture of groundwater from the ophiolite and HSG aquifers and (2) a reservoir generated by a direct infiltration of rainwater and its interaction with evaporites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume176
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aquifer
  • Isotopes
  • Mixing
  • Recharge
  • Strontium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution

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