Conjunctive use of reclaimed water and groundwater in crop rotations

Saif A. Al Khamisi, S. A. Prathapar, M. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Irrigated agriculture in Oman relies solely on groundwater and Aflaj (Falaj is a canal system, which provides water for a community of farmers for domestic and agricultural use). With the increasing scarcity of freshwater available to agriculture, the need to use of reclaimed water (RW) from Sewage Treatment Plants (STP) in agriculture has increased. In this study, we explored how RW from an STP can be used directly, without Aquifer Storage and Recovery, as a source of irrigation water in conjunction with groundwater for agriculture. Average data from Muscat, Oman in the years from 1996 to 2010 was used for calculation of crop water requirement. Wheat, cowpea and maize were chosen as crops to be grown in rotation through the year. Using RW irrigation conjunctively with groundwater cropping areas of wheat, cowpea and maize can be increased by 323, 250 and 318% respectively, against utilization RW only. Of the total irrigation requirement 57.6% was met with reclaimed water (RW) and 42.4% was met with groundwater (GW). Therefore, it is recommended that decision makers should consider piping RW to areas where groundwater of good quality is available to conjunctively use and meet crop water requirements, rather than piping it to areas where groundwater is saline and unsuitable for irrigation. This will prevent disposal of RW to the sea and minimize stress on fresh groundwater zones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-234
Number of pages7
JournalAgricultural Water Management
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

crop rotation
groundwater
agriculture
water
sewage treatment
Oman
water requirement
cowpeas
irrigation
irrigation water
crops
piping
irrigation requirement
wheat
corn
crop
maize
aquifers
farmers
canal

Keywords

  • Arid
  • Conjunctive water use
  • Crop rotation
  • Groundwater
  • Reclaimed water
  • Salinity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Conjunctive use of reclaimed water and groundwater in crop rotations. / Al Khamisi, Saif A.; Prathapar, S. A.; Ahmed, M.

In: Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 116, 01.01.2013, p. 228-234.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al Khamisi, Saif A. ; Prathapar, S. A. ; Ahmed, M. / Conjunctive use of reclaimed water and groundwater in crop rotations. In: Agricultural Water Management. 2013 ; Vol. 116. pp. 228-234.
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