Conjugate heat and mass transfer in square porous cavity

Azeem, Irfan Anjum Badruddin, Mohd Yamani Idna Idris, N. Nik-Ghazali, N. J. Salman Ahmed, Abdullah A A A Al-Rashed

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59 Citations (Scopus)


The present article deals with the issue of heat and mass transfer in a square porous cavity having a small solid wall or block inserted at various places at bottom surface. The main objective is to investigate the effect of size of solid wall and its location inside the porous cavity on double diffusive convention. The heat and mass transfer behavior are governed by momentum, energy and concentration equations which are converted into a set of finite element equation with the help of Galerkin method. The left surface of cavity is maintained at higher temperature and concentration, Th and Ch as compared to that of right surface at Tc and Cc. The results are presented in terms of thermal, concentration and fluid flow profiles across the porous cavity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-786
Number of pages10
JournalIndian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Conjugate double diffusion
  • FEM
  • Porous cavity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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  • Cite this

    Azeem, Badruddin, I. A., Idris, M. Y. I., Nik-Ghazali, N., Salman Ahmed, N. J., & Al-Rashed, A. A. A. A. (2016). Conjugate heat and mass transfer in square porous cavity. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics, 54(12), 777-786.