Confoscan: An ideal therapeutic Aid and screening tool in acanthamoeba keratitis

Nadia Al Kharousi*, Upender K. Wali

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Although present worldwide, Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a rare condition. It is a protozoal infection of the eye that is generally caused by wearing contaminated contact lenses or lens solutions. Confoscan and confocal scanning laser tomography (CSLT) are in vivo noninvasive diagnostic tools which provide high definition images of corneal microstructures. Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is a very common refractive surgery. We report a case series in which the first patient had contact lens induced Acanthamoeba keratitis with corneal epitheliopathy that was unresponsive to conservative treatment. Epithelial debridement was performed based on confoscan findings which confirmed the presence of Acanthamoeba cysts. Subsequently, the cornea re-epithelialized over two days. Another patient had CSLT prior to the LASIK which showed stromal cyst-like structures suggestive of Acanthamoeba keratitis. Four months after medical therapy, repeat CSLT was negative for Acanthamoeba cysts. Third patient was diagnosed with Acanthamoeba infection after undergoing lamellar keratoplasty. CSLT should be used as a screening procedure prior to any corneal refractive surgery to detect and treat protozoal and other infections preoperatively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-425
Number of pages4
JournalMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Acanthamoeba Keratitis
  • Confocal Scanning Laser Tomography
  • Epithelial Debridement
  • Laser In Situ Keratomileusis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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