Competitive removal of heavy metals from spiked hospital wastewater on acidic and chelating dehydrated carbons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Date palm leaflets were carbonised using sulphuric acid dehydration, producing acidic dehydrated carbon (DC) that was converted to chelating dehydrated carbon (CDC) using ethylene diamine functionalisation. Both carbons were surface characterised and tested for competitive removal of Cd2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ from metal mixtures in hospital wastewater (HWW) and deionised water (DW). Sorption kinetics data follow pseudo-second-order model. Equilibrium sorption data follow the Langmuir model with better performance for CDC than DC. Sorption of metals from metal mixture from DW is clearly higher than from HWW because of the high content of organic moieties in HWW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2348-2359
Number of pages12
JournalSeparation Science and Technology (Philadelphia)
Volume51
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 21 2016

Fingerprint

Heavy Metals
Chelation
Heavy metals
Wastewater
Carbon
Sorption
Deionized water
Metals
Diamines
Dehydration
Ethylene
Kinetics
Acids

Keywords

  • Carbon
  • chelating
  • dehydrated
  • hospital
  • metals
  • sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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title = "Competitive removal of heavy metals from spiked hospital wastewater on acidic and chelating dehydrated carbons",
abstract = "Date palm leaflets were carbonised using sulphuric acid dehydration, producing acidic dehydrated carbon (DC) that was converted to chelating dehydrated carbon (CDC) using ethylene diamine functionalisation. Both carbons were surface characterised and tested for competitive removal of Cd2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ from metal mixtures in hospital wastewater (HWW) and deionised water (DW). Sorption kinetics data follow pseudo-second-order model. Equilibrium sorption data follow the Langmuir model with better performance for CDC than DC. Sorption of metals from metal mixture from DW is clearly higher than from HWW because of the high content of organic moieties in HWW.",
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AU - El-Shafey, El Said Ibrahim

AU - Al-Busafi, Saleh

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AU - Al-Shibli, Sheikha

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N2 - Date palm leaflets were carbonised using sulphuric acid dehydration, producing acidic dehydrated carbon (DC) that was converted to chelating dehydrated carbon (CDC) using ethylene diamine functionalisation. Both carbons were surface characterised and tested for competitive removal of Cd2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ from metal mixtures in hospital wastewater (HWW) and deionised water (DW). Sorption kinetics data follow pseudo-second-order model. Equilibrium sorption data follow the Langmuir model with better performance for CDC than DC. Sorption of metals from metal mixture from DW is clearly higher than from HWW because of the high content of organic moieties in HWW.

AB - Date palm leaflets were carbonised using sulphuric acid dehydration, producing acidic dehydrated carbon (DC) that was converted to chelating dehydrated carbon (CDC) using ethylene diamine functionalisation. Both carbons were surface characterised and tested for competitive removal of Cd2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ from metal mixtures in hospital wastewater (HWW) and deionised water (DW). Sorption kinetics data follow pseudo-second-order model. Equilibrium sorption data follow the Langmuir model with better performance for CDC than DC. Sorption of metals from metal mixture from DW is clearly higher than from HWW because of the high content of organic moieties in HWW.

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