Comparison of Indian subcontinent and Middle East acute heart failure patients: Results from the Gulf Acute Heart Failure Registry

Prashanth Panduranga, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Kadhim Sulaiman, Khalid Al-Habib, Alawi Alsheikh-Ali, Jassim Al-Suwaidi, Wael Al-Mahmeed, Hussam Al-Faleh, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Mustafa Ridha, Bassam Bulbanat, Mohammed Al-Jarallah, Nidal Asaad, Nooshin Bazargani, Ahmed Al-Motarreb, Haitham Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare Middle East Arabs and Indian subcontinent acute heart failure (AHF) patients. Methods: AHF patients admitted from February 14, 2012 to November 14, 2012 in 47 hospitals among 7 Middle East countries. Results: The Middle Eastern Arab group (4157) was older (60 vs. 54 years), with high prevalence of coronary artery disease (48% vs. 37%), valvular heart disease (14% vs. 7%), atrial fibrillation (12% vs. 7%), and khat chewing (21% vs. 1%). Indian subcontinent patients (382) were more likely to be smokers (36% vs. 21%), alcohol consumers (11% vs. 2%), diabetic (56% vs. 49%) with high prevalence of AHF with reduced ejection fraction (76% vs. 65%), and with acute coronary syndrome (46% vs. 26%). In-hospital mortality was 6.5% with no difference, but 3-month and 12-month mortalities were significantly high among Middle East Arabs, (13.7% vs. 7.6%) and (22.8% vs. 17.1%), respectively. Conclusions: AHF patients from this region are a decade younger than Western patients with high prevalence of ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and AHF with reduced ejection fraction. There is an urgent need to control risk factors among both groups, as well as the need for setting up heart failure clinics for better postdischarge management.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIndian Heart Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Oct 19 2015

Fingerprint

Middle East
Registries
Heart Failure
Catha
Heart Valve Diseases
Mastication
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Hospital Mortality
Atrial Fibrillation
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Artery Disease
Diabetes Mellitus
Alcohols
Mortality

Keywords

  • Acute heart failure
  • Heart failure
  • Indian subcontinent
  • Middle East
  • South Asians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Comparison of Indian subcontinent and Middle East acute heart failure patients : Results from the Gulf Acute Heart Failure Registry. / Panduranga, Prashanth; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim; Sulaiman, Kadhim; Al-Habib, Khalid; Alsheikh-Ali, Alawi; Al-Suwaidi, Jassim; Al-Mahmeed, Wael; Al-Faleh, Hussam; Elasfar, Abdelfatah; Ridha, Mustafa; Bulbanat, Bassam; Al-Jarallah, Mohammed; Asaad, Nidal; Bazargani, Nooshin; Al-Motarreb, Ahmed; Amin, Haitham.

In: Indian Heart Journal, 19.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Panduranga, P, Al-Zakwani, I, Sulaiman, K, Al-Habib, K, Alsheikh-Ali, A, Al-Suwaidi, J, Al-Mahmeed, W, Al-Faleh, H, Elasfar, A, Ridha, M, Bulbanat, B, Al-Jarallah, M, Asaad, N, Bazargani, N, Al-Motarreb, A & Amin, H 2015, 'Comparison of Indian subcontinent and Middle East acute heart failure patients: Results from the Gulf Acute Heart Failure Registry', Indian Heart Journal. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2015.11.019
Panduranga, Prashanth ; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim ; Sulaiman, Kadhim ; Al-Habib, Khalid ; Alsheikh-Ali, Alawi ; Al-Suwaidi, Jassim ; Al-Mahmeed, Wael ; Al-Faleh, Hussam ; Elasfar, Abdelfatah ; Ridha, Mustafa ; Bulbanat, Bassam ; Al-Jarallah, Mohammed ; Asaad, Nidal ; Bazargani, Nooshin ; Al-Motarreb, Ahmed ; Amin, Haitham. / Comparison of Indian subcontinent and Middle East acute heart failure patients : Results from the Gulf Acute Heart Failure Registry. In: Indian Heart Journal. 2015.
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abstract = "Objective: To compare Middle East Arabs and Indian subcontinent acute heart failure (AHF) patients. Methods: AHF patients admitted from February 14, 2012 to November 14, 2012 in 47 hospitals among 7 Middle East countries. Results: The Middle Eastern Arab group (4157) was older (60 vs. 54 years), with high prevalence of coronary artery disease (48{\%} vs. 37{\%}), valvular heart disease (14{\%} vs. 7{\%}), atrial fibrillation (12{\%} vs. 7{\%}), and khat chewing (21{\%} vs. 1{\%}). Indian subcontinent patients (382) were more likely to be smokers (36{\%} vs. 21{\%}), alcohol consumers (11{\%} vs. 2{\%}), diabetic (56{\%} vs. 49{\%}) with high prevalence of AHF with reduced ejection fraction (76{\%} vs. 65{\%}), and with acute coronary syndrome (46{\%} vs. 26{\%}). In-hospital mortality was 6.5{\%} with no difference, but 3-month and 12-month mortalities were significantly high among Middle East Arabs, (13.7{\%} vs. 7.6{\%}) and (22.8{\%} vs. 17.1{\%}), respectively. Conclusions: AHF patients from this region are a decade younger than Western patients with high prevalence of ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and AHF with reduced ejection fraction. There is an urgent need to control risk factors among both groups, as well as the need for setting up heart failure clinics for better postdischarge management.",
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T2 - Results from the Gulf Acute Heart Failure Registry

AU - Panduranga, Prashanth

AU - Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim

AU - Sulaiman, Kadhim

AU - Al-Habib, Khalid

AU - Alsheikh-Ali, Alawi

AU - Al-Suwaidi, Jassim

AU - Al-Mahmeed, Wael

AU - Al-Faleh, Hussam

AU - Elasfar, Abdelfatah

AU - Ridha, Mustafa

AU - Bulbanat, Bassam

AU - Al-Jarallah, Mohammed

AU - Asaad, Nidal

AU - Bazargani, Nooshin

AU - Al-Motarreb, Ahmed

AU - Amin, Haitham

PY - 2015/10/19

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N2 - Objective: To compare Middle East Arabs and Indian subcontinent acute heart failure (AHF) patients. Methods: AHF patients admitted from February 14, 2012 to November 14, 2012 in 47 hospitals among 7 Middle East countries. Results: The Middle Eastern Arab group (4157) was older (60 vs. 54 years), with high prevalence of coronary artery disease (48% vs. 37%), valvular heart disease (14% vs. 7%), atrial fibrillation (12% vs. 7%), and khat chewing (21% vs. 1%). Indian subcontinent patients (382) were more likely to be smokers (36% vs. 21%), alcohol consumers (11% vs. 2%), diabetic (56% vs. 49%) with high prevalence of AHF with reduced ejection fraction (76% vs. 65%), and with acute coronary syndrome (46% vs. 26%). In-hospital mortality was 6.5% with no difference, but 3-month and 12-month mortalities were significantly high among Middle East Arabs, (13.7% vs. 7.6%) and (22.8% vs. 17.1%), respectively. Conclusions: AHF patients from this region are a decade younger than Western patients with high prevalence of ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and AHF with reduced ejection fraction. There is an urgent need to control risk factors among both groups, as well as the need for setting up heart failure clinics for better postdischarge management.

AB - Objective: To compare Middle East Arabs and Indian subcontinent acute heart failure (AHF) patients. Methods: AHF patients admitted from February 14, 2012 to November 14, 2012 in 47 hospitals among 7 Middle East countries. Results: The Middle Eastern Arab group (4157) was older (60 vs. 54 years), with high prevalence of coronary artery disease (48% vs. 37%), valvular heart disease (14% vs. 7%), atrial fibrillation (12% vs. 7%), and khat chewing (21% vs. 1%). Indian subcontinent patients (382) were more likely to be smokers (36% vs. 21%), alcohol consumers (11% vs. 2%), diabetic (56% vs. 49%) with high prevalence of AHF with reduced ejection fraction (76% vs. 65%), and with acute coronary syndrome (46% vs. 26%). In-hospital mortality was 6.5% with no difference, but 3-month and 12-month mortalities were significantly high among Middle East Arabs, (13.7% vs. 7.6%) and (22.8% vs. 17.1%), respectively. Conclusions: AHF patients from this region are a decade younger than Western patients with high prevalence of ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and AHF with reduced ejection fraction. There is an urgent need to control risk factors among both groups, as well as the need for setting up heart failure clinics for better postdischarge management.

KW - Acute heart failure

KW - Heart failure

KW - Indian subcontinent

KW - Middle East

KW - South Asians

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