Comparison of condition index in the green-lipped mussel Perna viridis between Sebatu and Pasir Panjang, Peninsular Malaysia

S. M. Al-Barwani, A. Arshad, S. M. Nurul Amin, M. Aminur Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The condition index (which relates to the tissue dry weight to shell volume) of the green-lipped mussel Perna viridis was investigated at Sebatu in Melaka and Pasir Panjang in Negri Sembilan from September 2003 to February 2004. Monthly samples of P. viridis were collected from culturing rafts at both sites. Variations in the average monthly condition index (CI) of P. viridis ranged from 21.06 to 26.72 g cm-3 and 15.18 to 19.41 g cm-3 in Sebatu and Pasir Panjang, respectively. Salinity values were lowest in November between 27.93 to 28.10 ppt in Sebatu and Pasir Panjang, respectively. Salinity then started increasing gradually until it reached 33.26 ppt in Sebatu and 31.23 ppt in Pasir Panjang in the month of February. Chlorophylla in Pasir Panjang showed higher fluctuation, ranging from 2.93 to 14.39 mg/L, while in Sebatu the fluctuations were lower and ranged between 7.70 and 9.37 mg 1-1. Rapid decline in CI values were recorded during January in Sebatu and February in Pasir Panjang. However, this rapid declining state of CI in P. viridis was an indication of its spawning period, when their gametes were released in the water column. These findings would help in the development of captive breeding techniques and mass seed production in aquaculture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-708
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Environmental Biology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016



  • Condition Index
  • Mussel
  • Perna viridis
  • Spawning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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