In this investigation the pharmacokinetics of three commonly used antibiotics, ampicillin trihydrate (10 mg/kg), gentamicin sulphate (3 mg/kg) and oxytetracycline hydrochloride (5 mg/kg), given intravenously, were each studied in five Nubian goats and five desert sheep. The pharmacokinetic parameters were described by a two-compartment open model. The results indicated that there were significant differences between the two species in some kinetic parameters of ampicillin and oxytetracycline but not gentamicin, Ampicillin elimination halflife (t( 1/4 β)) in goats (1.20 h) was shorter than that in sheep (2.48 h), and its clearance (Cl) significantly higher in goats (2921 mL/h · kg) compared to sheep (262 mL/h · kg) (P <0.01). Ampicillin volume of distribution (Vd(area)) was found to be significantly larger in goats (5673 mL/kg) than in sheep (992 mL/kg) (P <0.01). For oxytetracycline, the t( 1/4 β) in goats (3.89 h) was significantly shorter than that in sheep (6.30 h) and the Cl value in goats (437 mL/h · kg) was significantly higher than in sheep (281 mL/h · kg). The results suggest that when treating sheep and goats, the pharmacokinetic differences between the two species must be considered in order to optimize the therapeutic doses of ampicillin and oxytetracycline.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
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