Comparative modulating effects of captopril, diltiazem, dietary calcium and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in the rat

B. H. Ali, A. A. Bashir

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Abstract

1. Nephrotoxicity was induced in rats by injecting gentamicin intramuscularly (i.m.) at a dose of 80 mg/kg/day for 6 days. Treated animals demonstrated a typical pattern of aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity characterized histopathologically by necrosis of proximal tubular epithelium, and biochemically by increased serum creatinine and urea concentrations. Reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration in renal cortex was significantly decreased by gentamicin. 2. Simultaneous treatment of rats with gentamicin and either captopril or diltiazem significantly potentiated the gentamicin-induced increases in serum creatinine and urea and did not significantly affect the gentamicin-induced decrease in cortical GSH concentration. 3. Concomitant treatment with gentamicin and either Ca2+ or pyridoxal-5′-phosphate decreased serum urea level, did not significantly affect serum creatinine concentration, and significantly increased cortical GSH concentration in comparison to the values of these parameters following gentamicin treatment. 4. Histopathologically, the severity of gentamicin-induced renal damage was exacerbated by captopril, and even more so by diltiazem. Simultaneous treatment with gentamicin and either Ca2+ or pyridoxal-5′-phosphate produced only mild focal atrophy of renal tubular epithelium. Control rats had apparently normal histology. 5. In conclusion, captopril and diltiazem, at the doses used, significantly potentiated gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity to a broadly similar extent. Although Ca2+ and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate, at the doses used, reduced significantly the severity of some of the manifestations of nephrotoxicity, they were equally ineffective in completely preventing the development of nephrotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1279-1283
Number of pages5
JournalGeneral Pharmacology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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Dietary Calcium
Pyridoxal Phosphate
Diltiazem
Captopril
Gentamicins
Urea
Creatinine
Serum
Kidney
Epithelium
Aminoglycosides
Therapeutics
Atrophy
Glutathione
Histology
Necrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Comparative modulating effects of captopril, diltiazem, dietary calcium and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in the rat",
abstract = "1. Nephrotoxicity was induced in rats by injecting gentamicin intramuscularly (i.m.) at a dose of 80 mg/kg/day for 6 days. Treated animals demonstrated a typical pattern of aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity characterized histopathologically by necrosis of proximal tubular epithelium, and biochemically by increased serum creatinine and urea concentrations. Reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration in renal cortex was significantly decreased by gentamicin. 2. Simultaneous treatment of rats with gentamicin and either captopril or diltiazem significantly potentiated the gentamicin-induced increases in serum creatinine and urea and did not significantly affect the gentamicin-induced decrease in cortical GSH concentration. 3. Concomitant treatment with gentamicin and either Ca2+ or pyridoxal-5′-phosphate decreased serum urea level, did not significantly affect serum creatinine concentration, and significantly increased cortical GSH concentration in comparison to the values of these parameters following gentamicin treatment. 4. Histopathologically, the severity of gentamicin-induced renal damage was exacerbated by captopril, and even more so by diltiazem. Simultaneous treatment with gentamicin and either Ca2+ or pyridoxal-5′-phosphate produced only mild focal atrophy of renal tubular epithelium. Control rats had apparently normal histology. 5. In conclusion, captopril and diltiazem, at the doses used, significantly potentiated gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity to a broadly similar extent. Although Ca2+ and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate, at the doses used, reduced significantly the severity of some of the manifestations of nephrotoxicity, they were equally ineffective in completely preventing the development of nephrotoxicity.",
author = "Ali, {B. H.} and Bashir, {A. A.}",
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T1 - Comparative modulating effects of captopril, diltiazem, dietary calcium and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in the rat

AU - Ali, B. H.

AU - Bashir, A. A.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - 1. Nephrotoxicity was induced in rats by injecting gentamicin intramuscularly (i.m.) at a dose of 80 mg/kg/day for 6 days. Treated animals demonstrated a typical pattern of aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity characterized histopathologically by necrosis of proximal tubular epithelium, and biochemically by increased serum creatinine and urea concentrations. Reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration in renal cortex was significantly decreased by gentamicin. 2. Simultaneous treatment of rats with gentamicin and either captopril or diltiazem significantly potentiated the gentamicin-induced increases in serum creatinine and urea and did not significantly affect the gentamicin-induced decrease in cortical GSH concentration. 3. Concomitant treatment with gentamicin and either Ca2+ or pyridoxal-5′-phosphate decreased serum urea level, did not significantly affect serum creatinine concentration, and significantly increased cortical GSH concentration in comparison to the values of these parameters following gentamicin treatment. 4. Histopathologically, the severity of gentamicin-induced renal damage was exacerbated by captopril, and even more so by diltiazem. Simultaneous treatment with gentamicin and either Ca2+ or pyridoxal-5′-phosphate produced only mild focal atrophy of renal tubular epithelium. Control rats had apparently normal histology. 5. In conclusion, captopril and diltiazem, at the doses used, significantly potentiated gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity to a broadly similar extent. Although Ca2+ and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate, at the doses used, reduced significantly the severity of some of the manifestations of nephrotoxicity, they were equally ineffective in completely preventing the development of nephrotoxicity.

AB - 1. Nephrotoxicity was induced in rats by injecting gentamicin intramuscularly (i.m.) at a dose of 80 mg/kg/day for 6 days. Treated animals demonstrated a typical pattern of aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity characterized histopathologically by necrosis of proximal tubular epithelium, and biochemically by increased serum creatinine and urea concentrations. Reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration in renal cortex was significantly decreased by gentamicin. 2. Simultaneous treatment of rats with gentamicin and either captopril or diltiazem significantly potentiated the gentamicin-induced increases in serum creatinine and urea and did not significantly affect the gentamicin-induced decrease in cortical GSH concentration. 3. Concomitant treatment with gentamicin and either Ca2+ or pyridoxal-5′-phosphate decreased serum urea level, did not significantly affect serum creatinine concentration, and significantly increased cortical GSH concentration in comparison to the values of these parameters following gentamicin treatment. 4. Histopathologically, the severity of gentamicin-induced renal damage was exacerbated by captopril, and even more so by diltiazem. Simultaneous treatment with gentamicin and either Ca2+ or pyridoxal-5′-phosphate produced only mild focal atrophy of renal tubular epithelium. Control rats had apparently normal histology. 5. In conclusion, captopril and diltiazem, at the doses used, significantly potentiated gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity to a broadly similar extent. Although Ca2+ and pyridoxal-5′-phosphate, at the doses used, reduced significantly the severity of some of the manifestations of nephrotoxicity, they were equally ineffective in completely preventing the development of nephrotoxicity.

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