Clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of acute heart failure patients: Observations from the Gulf acute heart failure registry (Gulf CARE)

Kadhim Sulaiman, Prashanth Panduranga, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Alawi A. Alsheikh-Ali, Khalid F. Alhabib, Jassim Al-Suwaidi, Wael Al-Mahmeed, Hussam Alfaleh, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Ahmed Al-Motarreb, Mustafa Ridha, Bassam Bulbanat, Mohammed Al-Jarallah, Nooshin Bazargani, Nidal Asaad, Haitham Amin

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Abstract

Aims The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of acute heart failure (HF) patients from the Gulf acute heart failure registry (Gulf CARE). Methods and results Data from 5005 HF patients admitted to 47 hospitals in seven Gulf countries during February to November 2012 were analysed. Fifty-five per cent of patients presented with acute decompensated chronic HF, while 45% had new-onset HF. Mean age was 59±15 years, 63% were males, and 83% were Gulf citizens. Co-morbid conditions were hypertension (61%), diabetes mellitus (50%), CAD (47%), and atrial fibrillation or flutter (14%). The median LVEF was 35% (25-45%) with 69% presenting as HF with reduced EF (HFrEF). CAD was the most prevalent aetiology (53%) followed by idiopathic cardiomyopathy (18%), hypertensive heart disease (16%), and valvular heart disease (9%). At discharge, 71% and 78% of patients received beta-blockers and ACE inhibitors/ARBs, respectively. Use of coronary intervention and device therapy was

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-384
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Acute heart failure
  • Heart failure
  • Middle East
  • Registry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Sulaiman, K., Panduranga, P., Al-Zakwani, I., Alsheikh-Ali, A. A., Alhabib, K. F., Al-Suwaidi, J., Al-Mahmeed, W., Alfaleh, H., Elasfar, A., Al-Motarreb, A., Ridha, M., Bulbanat, B., Al-Jarallah, M., Bazargani, N., Asaad, N., & Amin, H. (2015). Clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of acute heart failure patients: Observations from the Gulf acute heart failure registry (Gulf CARE). European Journal of Heart Failure, 17(4), 374-384. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.245