Chronostratigraphy and geochemical characterization of volcanic rocks from the Hormuz Complex

Constraints from the Halul Island, The State of Qatar

Sobhi Nasir, Hamad Al-Saad, Fadhil Sadooni

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic data are reported for volcanic rocks in the Hormuz Complex, Halul Island, Eastern Qatar. Two groups of volcanic rocks are distinct in their geochemical characteristics. Group 1 samples have chemical compositions of transitional and alkali basalts, show LREE-enriched patterns and plot mainly in the field of within-plate basalt on a number of trace element discrimination diagrams. Group 2 rocks have tholeiitic compositions and are characterized by LREE-enriched patterns and fall into the MORB field. The Halul volcanics were most likely formed in an environment similar to an ensialic rift developing into a proto-oceanic basin (e. g. Proto-Tethys) during the Cambrian. Group 1 samples are characterized by high present-day 87 Sr/ 86 Sr ratios (0.709678 to 0.718711) and low present-day 143ND/144Nd (0.512152 to 0.512842). εNd(0) values range between 3.98 to -9.84. Rock chemistry and the high present-day 87 Sr/ 86 Sr, and low present-day 143Nd/ 144Nd indicate that crustal contamination, sea water interaction and alteration were significant in the genesis of these volcanics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-66
Number of pages18
JournalNeues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie - Abhandlungen
Volume230
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003

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chronostratigraphy
volcanic rock
alkali basalt
crustal contamination
Tethys
mid-ocean ridge basalt
rock
basalt
chemical composition
diagram
trace element
seawater
basin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Palaeontology

Cite this

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abstract = "Geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic data are reported for volcanic rocks in the Hormuz Complex, Halul Island, Eastern Qatar. Two groups of volcanic rocks are distinct in their geochemical characteristics. Group 1 samples have chemical compositions of transitional and alkali basalts, show LREE-enriched patterns and plot mainly in the field of within-plate basalt on a number of trace element discrimination diagrams. Group 2 rocks have tholeiitic compositions and are characterized by LREE-enriched patterns and fall into the MORB field. The Halul volcanics were most likely formed in an environment similar to an ensialic rift developing into a proto-oceanic basin (e. g. Proto-Tethys) during the Cambrian. Group 1 samples are characterized by high present-day 87 Sr/ 86 Sr ratios (0.709678 to 0.718711) and low present-day 143ND/144Nd (0.512152 to 0.512842). εNd(0) values range between 3.98 to -9.84. Rock chemistry and the high present-day 87 Sr/ 86 Sr, and low present-day 143Nd/ 144Nd indicate that crustal contamination, sea water interaction and alteration were significant in the genesis of these volcanics.",
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AB - Geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic data are reported for volcanic rocks in the Hormuz Complex, Halul Island, Eastern Qatar. Two groups of volcanic rocks are distinct in their geochemical characteristics. Group 1 samples have chemical compositions of transitional and alkali basalts, show LREE-enriched patterns and plot mainly in the field of within-plate basalt on a number of trace element discrimination diagrams. Group 2 rocks have tholeiitic compositions and are characterized by LREE-enriched patterns and fall into the MORB field. The Halul volcanics were most likely formed in an environment similar to an ensialic rift developing into a proto-oceanic basin (e. g. Proto-Tethys) during the Cambrian. Group 1 samples are characterized by high present-day 87 Sr/ 86 Sr ratios (0.709678 to 0.718711) and low present-day 143ND/144Nd (0.512152 to 0.512842). εNd(0) values range between 3.98 to -9.84. Rock chemistry and the high present-day 87 Sr/ 86 Sr, and low present-day 143Nd/ 144Nd indicate that crustal contamination, sea water interaction and alteration were significant in the genesis of these volcanics.

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