Chronic exposure of rats to native high altitude increases in blood pressure via activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system

Fahaid H. Al-Hashem, Mahmoud A. Alkhateeb, Abdullah S. Shatoor, Mohammad A. Khalil, Hussein F. Sakr

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Abstract

Objectives: To study the effect of chronic exposure to native high altitude (HA) on blood pressure, and to investigate the underlying mechanism of action. Methods: This study was carried out between February and April 2011. A total of 20 male rats were divided Articles into 2 groups (n=10 rats). The low altitude (LA) group were rats born and lived in an LA environment at King Saud University, College of Pharmacy, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), and the HA group were rats born in the same LA area, then acclimatized to HA area in Physiology Department, King Khalid University, College of Medicine, Abha, KSA for 90 days. At the end of day 90, hematocrit, plasma renin activity, aldosterone, norepinephrine and vasopressin levels were determined in both groups. Invasive arterial blood pressure was also measured, and fractional excretion of sodium (FENa), and potassium (FEK) were calculated. The quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction of renin was carried out in the kidneys of both rat groups. Results: When compared to LA native rats, HA rats exhibited a significant increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure with a significant increase in renin plasma activity as well as an increase in the levels of aldosterone, norepinephrine, and vasopressin. Furthermore, HA rats showed a significant increase in renin expression in their kidneys, as well as decreased FENa. Conclusion: Data shows that prolonged exposure to HA results in elevated blood pressure precipitated by the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1169-1176
Number of pages8
JournalSaudi Medical Journal
Volume33
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Renin-Angiotensin System
Blood Pressure
Renin
Saudi Arabia
Aldosterone
Vasopressins
Norepinephrine
Kidney
Hematocrit
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Potassium
Arterial Pressure
Sodium
Medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Chronic exposure of rats to native high altitude increases in blood pressure via activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. / Al-Hashem, Fahaid H.; Alkhateeb, Mahmoud A.; Shatoor, Abdullah S.; Khalil, Mohammad A.; Sakr, Hussein F.

In: Saudi Medical Journal, Vol. 33, No. 11, 2012, p. 1169-1176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Hashem, Fahaid H. ; Alkhateeb, Mahmoud A. ; Shatoor, Abdullah S. ; Khalil, Mohammad A. ; Sakr, Hussein F. / Chronic exposure of rats to native high altitude increases in blood pressure via activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. In: Saudi Medical Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 33, No. 11. pp. 1169-1176.
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abstract = "Objectives: To study the effect of chronic exposure to native high altitude (HA) on blood pressure, and to investigate the underlying mechanism of action. Methods: This study was carried out between February and April 2011. A total of 20 male rats were divided Articles into 2 groups (n=10 rats). The low altitude (LA) group were rats born and lived in an LA environment at King Saud University, College of Pharmacy, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), and the HA group were rats born in the same LA area, then acclimatized to HA area in Physiology Department, King Khalid University, College of Medicine, Abha, KSA for 90 days. At the end of day 90, hematocrit, plasma renin activity, aldosterone, norepinephrine and vasopressin levels were determined in both groups. Invasive arterial blood pressure was also measured, and fractional excretion of sodium (FENa), and potassium (FEK) were calculated. The quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction of renin was carried out in the kidneys of both rat groups. Results: When compared to LA native rats, HA rats exhibited a significant increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure with a significant increase in renin plasma activity as well as an increase in the levels of aldosterone, norepinephrine, and vasopressin. Furthermore, HA rats showed a significant increase in renin expression in their kidneys, as well as decreased FENa. Conclusion: Data shows that prolonged exposure to HA results in elevated blood pressure precipitated by the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.",
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