Chlorella vulgaris triggers apoptosis in hepatocarcinogenesis-induced rats

Emey Suhana Mohd Azamai, Suhaniza Sulaiman, Shafina Hanim Mohd Habib, Mee Lee Looi, Srijit Das, Nor Aini Abdul Hamid, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah, Yasmin Anum Mohd Yusof*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chlorella vulgaris (CV) has been reported to have antioxidant and anticancer properties. We evaluated the effect of CV on apoptotic regulator protein expression in liver cancer-induced rats. Male Wistar rats (200∼250 g) were divided into eight groups: control group (normal diet), CDE group (choline deficient diet supplemented with ethionine in drinking water to induce hepatocarcinogenesis), CV groups with three different doses of CV (50, 150, and 300 mg/kg body weight), and CDE groups treated with different doses of CV (50, 150, and 300 mg/ kg body weight). Rats were sacrificed at various weeks and liver tissues were embedded in paraffin blocks for immunohistochemistry studies. CV, at increasing doses, decreased the expression of anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2, but increased the expression of pro-apoptotic protein, caspase 8, in CDE rats, which was correlated with decreased hepatoctyes proliferation and increased apoptosis as determined by bromodeoxy-uridine (BrdU) labeling and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay, respectively. Our study shows that CV has definite chemopreventive effect by inducing apoptosis via decreasing the expression of Bcl-2 and increasing the expression of caspase 8 in hepatocarcinogenesis-induced rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Zhejiang University: Science B
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Bcl-2
  • Caspase8
  • Chlorella vulgaris (CV)
  • Livercancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Chlorella vulgaris triggers apoptosis in hepatocarcinogenesis-induced rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this