Characterization of depression among patients at urban primary healthcare centers in Oman

Asthma Al-Salmani, Tahara Juma, Arwa Al-Noobi, Yahya Al-Farsi, Najlaa Jaafar, Khalsa Al-Mamari, Huda Anwar, Ghada Al-Lawati, Thomas J. Klein, Samir Al-Adawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of depression among Oman adult population attending primary healthcare clinics (PHCs) in Muscat Governorate in 2011.

METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 2005 participants attending 27 different PHCs in Muscat Governorate during 2011. A Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), together with a socio-demographic and relevant clinical data questionnaire was administered.

RESULTS: Of the 2005 participants, 61.8% were women and 42.1% were of 25-50 age group. Of the total, 44.4% were employed, of whom 51% were government employees. The prevalence of depression among them was 8.1%. The adjusted odds ratios generated by logistic regression models indicated that depression was significantly associated with age greater than 50 years old (OR = 2.23; 95% CI 1.07, 4.22; P = 0.04), female (OR = 1.34; 95% CI 1.12, 3.82; P = 0.03), married (OR = 1.91; 95% CI 1.11, 3.30; P = 0.02), graduated or attended higher education (OR = 1.40; 95% CI 1.03, 2.66; P = 0.04), working in the private sector if employed (OR = 1.72; 95% CI 1.08, 2.75; P = 0.02), and having chronic illness such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, asthma, heart, thyroid, and renal diseases (OR = 1.82; 95% CI 1.03, 3.51; P = 0.01).

CONCLUSION: The rate of depression appears to be in the lower range compared to rate reported from elsewhere. Some socio-cultural factors that may contribute to the present findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • chronic disease
  • depression
  • Oman
  • Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)
  • primary health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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