Carbon nanotube/polypyrrole nanocomposite as a novel cathode catalyst and proper alternative for Pt in microbial fuel cell

Mostafa Ghasemi*, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Sedky H.A. Hassan, Tahereh Jafary, Mostafa Rahimnejad, Azri Ahmad, Mohammad H. Yazdi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study demonstrates the use of carbon nanotube polypyrrole (CNT/PPy) nanocomposite as a novel cathode catalyst in microbial fuel cells (MFC). The CNT/PPy nanocomposite has been prepared using a chemical oxidative method and its performance in MFC was evaluated and compared with platinum, the traditional cathode catalyst. The attachment of microorganisms on the anode was confirmed using field emission scanning electronic microscopy (FESEM) analysis. The size of ppy nanoparticles was also observed using SEM. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) studies were done to investigate the catalytic properties of CNT/PPy nanocomposite. The maximum power density and coulombic efficiency attained by the usage of CNT/PPy nanocomposite was found to be ∼113 mW/m2 and 21% respectively, which is a significant comparison with the Pt catalyst, where the measured values were 122.7 mW/m2 and 24.6% respectively. The COD removal of both systems was found to be more than 80%. The results indicate that CNT/PPy nanocomposite could be used as a possible lower cost alternative than Pt catalyst in MFC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4872-4878
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cathode catalyst
  • CNT/PPy nanocomposite
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Power density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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