Can tropical grasses grown as cover crops improve soil phosphorus availability?

D. S. Almeida*, D. Menezes-Blackburn, K. F. Rocha, M. de Souza, H. Zhang, P. M. Haygarth, C. A. Rosolem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tropical grasses grown as cover crops can mobilize phosphorus (P) in soil and have been suggested as a tool to increase soil P cycling and bioavailability. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of tropical grasses on soil P dynamics, lability, desorption kinetics and bioavailability to soya bean, specifically to test the hypothesis that introducing grass species in the cropping system may affect soil P availability and soya bean development according to soil P concentration. Three grass species, ruzi grass (Urochloa ruziziensis), palisade grass (Urochloa brizantha) and Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus), were grown in soils with contrasting P status. Soya bean was grown after grasses to assess soil P bioavailability. Hedley P fractionation, microbial biomass P, phytase-labile P and the diffusive gradient in thin films were determined, before and after cultivation. It was found that grasses remobilized soil P, reducing the concentration of recalcitrant P forms. The effect of grasses on changing the P desorption kinetics parameters did not directly explain the observed variation on P bioavailability to soya bean. Grasses and microorganisms solubilize recalcitrant organic P (Po) forms and tropical grasses grown as cover crops increased P bioavailability to soya bean mainly due to the supply of P by decomposition of grass residues in low-P soil. However, no clear advantages in soya bean P nutrition were observed when in rotation with these grasses in high-P soil. This study indicates that further advantages in soya bean P nutrition after tropical grasses may be impeded by phytate, which is not readily available to plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-325
Number of pages10
JournalSoil Use and Management
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • cover crops
  • Megathyrsus maximus
  • organic phosphorus
  • phosphorus pools
  • Urochloa brizantha
  • Urochloa ruziziensis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution

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