# Boundary layer flow of a nanofluid past a permeable exponentially shrinking surface with convective boundary condition using Buongiorno's model

M. Rahman, Alin V. Rosca, I. Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

### Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to numerically solve the problem of steady boundary layer flow of a nanofluid past a permeable exponentially shrinking surface with convective surface condition. The Buongiorno's mathematical nanofluid model has been used. Design/methodology/approach - Using appropriate similarity transformations, the basic partial differential equations are transformed into ordinary differential equations. These equations have been solved numerically for different values of the governing parameters, stretching/shrinking parameter λ, suction parameter s, Prandtl number Pr, Lewis number Le, Biot number, the Brownian motion parameter Nb and the thermophoresis parameter Nt, using the bvp4c function from Matlab. The effects of these parameters on the reduced skin friction coefficient, heat transfer from the surface of the sheet, Sherwood number, dimensionless velocity, and temperature and nanoparticles volume fraction distributions are presented in tables and graphs, and are in details discussed. Findings - Numerical results are obtained for the reduced skin-friction, heat transfer and for the velocity and temperature profiles. The results indicate that dual solutions exist for the shrinking case (λ

Original language English 299-319 21 International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow 25 2 https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-12-2013-0361 Published - Mar 2 2015

### Fingerprint

Nanofluid
Boundary layer flow
Boundary Layer Flow
Shrinking
Skin friction
Boundary conditions
Thermophoresis
Skin Friction
Brownian movement
Prandtl number
Ordinary differential equations
Heat transfer coefficients
Partial differential equations
Stretching
Heat Transfer
Volume fraction
Model
Mathematical models
Nanoparticles
Heat transfer

### Keywords

• Boundary layer
• Dual solutions
• Nanofluid
• Numerical method
• Shrinking surface
• Stability analysis

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

• Mechanical Engineering
• Mechanics of Materials
• Computer Science Applications
• Applied Mathematics

### Cite this

In: International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 25, No. 2, 02.03.2015, p. 299-319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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