Boundary layer flow of a nanofluid past a permeable exponentially shrinking surface with convective boundary condition using Buongiorno's model

M. Rahman, Alin V. Rosca, I. Pop

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37 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to numerically solve the problem of steady boundary layer flow of a nanofluid past a permeable exponentially shrinking surface with convective surface condition. The Buongiorno's mathematical nanofluid model has been used. Design/methodology/approach - Using appropriate similarity transformations, the basic partial differential equations are transformed into ordinary differential equations. These equations have been solved numerically for different values of the governing parameters, stretching/shrinking parameter λ, suction parameter s, Prandtl number Pr, Lewis number Le, Biot number, the Brownian motion parameter Nb and the thermophoresis parameter Nt, using the bvp4c function from Matlab. The effects of these parameters on the reduced skin friction coefficient, heat transfer from the surface of the sheet, Sherwood number, dimensionless velocity, and temperature and nanoparticles volume fraction distributions are presented in tables and graphs, and are in details discussed. Findings - Numerical results are obtained for the reduced skin-friction, heat transfer and for the velocity and temperature profiles. The results indicate that dual solutions exist for the shrinking case (λ

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-319
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2 2015



  • Boundary layer
  • Dual solutions
  • Nanofluid
  • Numerical method
  • Shrinking surface
  • Stability analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics

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