Bond strength of glass fiber-reinforced polymer bars in concrete after exposure to elevated temperatures

Sherif El-Gamal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the test results of an experimental study to investigate the effect of elevated temperatures on the bond properties of glass fiber-reinforced polymer bars in concrete. For this purpose, a total of 39 pullout specimens with glass fiber-reinforced polymer bars were cast for bond strength tests. In addition to the laboratory temperature, specimens were exposed to heating regimes of 100, 200, 300 and 350° for a period of 1, 2 or 3 h. The test results are presented in terms of bond strength, bond-slip relationship, and mode of failure. All specimens failed by shearing of the concrete corbels surrounding the bars and almost no damage was seen in the glass fiber-reinforced polymer bars. The results showed that the bond strength decreased as the temperature or exposure period increased. Reductions of about 20% of the original bond strength were recorded after exposure to 100 and 200° for 3 h. Significant reductions of about 50% in the bond strength were recorded after exposure to 350° for periods of 2 and 3 h. A modification to the ACI (American Concrete Institute) and CEB-FIP (Comité Euro-International du Béton-Fédération Internationale de la Précontrainte) equations was developed to consider the effect of elevated temperatures and it showed good agreement with test results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2151-2163
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume33
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 27 2014

Keywords

  • Bond
  • concrete
  • glass fiber-reinforced polymer bars
  • interface
  • pullout test
  • temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Ceramics and Composites

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