Body image and the relation to mindfulness and self-compassion in physical education students: A cross-cultural study

Petra Jansen*, Kashef Zayed, Jürgen Kittsteiner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The present study investigated the body images of Omani and German physical education students. 199 students completed a body image test, a dispositional mindfulness and a self-compassion measurement, as well as a short physical activity questionnaire. Overall, our results demonstrate that females showed a higher body distortion than males and students in Germany displayed a higher body distortion effect. Concerning mindfulness and self-compassion, students from Oman showed higher values than German students in self-compassion, but not in the dispositional mindfulness measurement. However, self-compassion and mindfulness were not related to the body distortion effect. This is the first study that provides unique data of self-compassion and mindfulness in an Arabic sample, and shows that self-compassion is higher in Omani students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Psychology Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 14 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • BMI
  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Body image
  • Mindfulness
  • Self-kindness
  • Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this