Biomass

An ageless raw material for biofuels

Sk Manirul Haque, Aamir H. Bhat, Imran Khan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass has always been a reliable source of energy, from the first manmade fire to the utilization of pelletized wood as a feed for thermal plants. Although the use of lignocellulosic feedstock as a solid biofuel is a well-known concept, conversion of biomass into liquid fuel is a considerable challenge, and the more complex the biomass gets (in terms of chemical composition) the more complicated and generally expensive the conversion process becomes. Depletion of the oil stocks combined with the increasing worldwide energy demand has generated an increased interest toward biofuels in the past 10-20 years, although for most ofthe twentieth century research on biofuel closely followed the price of petroleum. Another growing concern in the past 50 years is the environmental aspects of liquid fuel consumption. With the growing concerns about the greenhouse gas emissions, the use of biofuels, although sometimes criticized, is often a more environmentally friendly option because the carbon balance of biofuel is close to neutral when compared with petroleum-derived fuels such as gasoline, diesel, or kerosene. The "first-generation" biofuels appear unsustainable because of the potential stress that their production places on food commodities. For organic chemicals and materials, these needs to follow a biorefinery model under environmentally sustainable conditions. Where these operate at present, their product range is largely limited to simple materials (i.e., cellulose, ethanol, and biofuels). Second-generation biorefineries need to build on the need for sustainable chemical products through modern and proven green chemical technologies such as bioprocessing including pyrolysis. "Third-generation" algae biofuels and "fourth-generation" biofuels are created using petroleum-like hydroprocessing, advanced biochemistry, or revolutionary processes that defy any other category of biofuels.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAgricultural Biomass Based Potential Materials
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages435-454
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9783319138473
ISBN (Print)9783319138466
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Biofuels
biofuels
biofuel
Biomass
raw materials
Raw materials
biomass
Petroleum
petroleum
biorefining
Crude oil
Liquid fuels
algae
green chemistry
wood utilization
raw material
Kerosene
bioprocessing
kerosene
Organic Chemicals

Keywords

  • Ageless raw materials
  • Biofuels
  • Biomass
  • Bioprocessing
  • Lignocellulose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Haque, S. M., Bhat, A. H., & Khan, I. (2015). Biomass: An ageless raw material for biofuels. In Agricultural Biomass Based Potential Materials (pp. 435-454). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13847-3_20

Biomass : An ageless raw material for biofuels. / Haque, Sk Manirul; Bhat, Aamir H.; Khan, Imran.

Agricultural Biomass Based Potential Materials. Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 435-454.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Haque, SM, Bhat, AH & Khan, I 2015, Biomass: An ageless raw material for biofuels. in Agricultural Biomass Based Potential Materials. Springer International Publishing, pp. 435-454. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13847-3_20
Haque SM, Bhat AH, Khan I. Biomass: An ageless raw material for biofuels. In Agricultural Biomass Based Potential Materials. Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 435-454 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13847-3_20
Haque, Sk Manirul ; Bhat, Aamir H. ; Khan, Imran. / Biomass : An ageless raw material for biofuels. Agricultural Biomass Based Potential Materials. Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 435-454
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