Bioluminescence of the tropical Indian Ocean: a multiple-scale variation

Sergey A. Piontkovski*, Alexandr V. Melnik, Irina M. Serikova, Vladislav P. Evstigneev, Sergey Dobretsov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Large-scale surveys represented by 5800 bathymetric casts in the western Indian Ocean (0–22oN, 54–58oE), elucidated the 10-fold variation of the bioluminescent potential (BP) in the upper mixed layer, during the winter (north-east) monsoon season. The mesoscale survey in February 2017 consisted of 26 drift stations (4oN–3oS, 65–68oE) on which 5–10 bathymetric casts were deployed down to 60 m. The maximal BP was associated with the periphery of a cyclonic eddy. The two-fold to three-fold variation of BP characterized the spatial heterogeneity modulated by a detected eddy. High-frequency casts on drift stations resembled the fine-scale heterogeneity in which the three-fold variation was observed within the BP maximum at a 37 ± 13 m depth. The latter one was located above the deep chlorophyll maximum at a 80 m depth. A general decline of the BP variance from the large scale through mesoscale to fine scale, fits that of the zooplankton biomass.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLuminescence
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • bioluminescence
  • chlorophyll a
  • Indian Ocean
  • mesoscale eddies
  • zooplankton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

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