Bioconvection analysis for Sutterby nanofluid over an axially stretched cylinder with melting heat transfer and variable thermal features: A Marangoni and solutal model

Ying Qing Song, Hassan Waqas, Kamel Al-Khaled, Umar Farooq, Sami Ullah Khan, M. Ijaz Khan, Yu Ming Chu*, Sumaira Qayyum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


This research communicates the thermal assessment of Sutterby nanofluid containing the gyrotactic microorganisms with solutal and Marangoni boundaries. The applications of melting phenomenon and thermal conductivity are also considered. The flow is confined by a stretched cylinder. The prospective of Brownian motion and thermophoresis diffusions are also taken account via Buongiorno nanofluid model. The problem is formulated with help of governing relations and equations which are altered into dimensionless form via appropriate variables. The numerical scheme based on shooting scheme is employed to access the solution. A comparative analysis is performed to verify the approximated solution. The observations reveal that the velocity profile enhanced with the Marangoni number while a declining velocity profile has been observed with Sutterby nanofluid parameter and Darcy resistance parameter. The nanofluid temperature get rise with thermal conductivity parameter and thermal Biot number. An arising profile of nanofluid concentration is observed for concentration conductivity parameter and buoyancy ratio parameter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4663-4675
Number of pages13
JournalAlexandria Engineering Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Bioconvection flow
  • Marangoni and solutal boundaries
  • Melting phenomenon
  • Shooting technique
  • Sutterby nanofluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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