Bioaccumulation of some metals by Green mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus 1758) from Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia

B. Y. Kamaruzzaan, M. S. Mohd Zahir, B. Akbar John, K. C A Jalal, S. Shahbudin, S. M. Al-Barwani, J. S. Goddard

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Abstract

A study was conducted to determine the bioaccumulation of some essential and non-essential heavy metals by the soft tissue of Perna viridis (Green mussel) collected from Pekan, Pahang during November 2009. A total of fifty individuals of Green lipped mussel P. viridis (Family: Mytilidae) were sampled and metals such as Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu), Cobalt (Co), Lead (Pb) and Cadmium (Cd) concentration were determined using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The observed mean concentration of Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Pb and Cd in the soft edible tissue of P. viridis was 576.45±87.78, 45.54±8.75, 19.05±4.12, 17.85±2.28, 0.47±0.14 and 0.3±0.06 μg g-1, respectively. The bioaccumulation of metals in the soft tissue flowed in Fe>Zn>Cu >Co>Pb>Cd order indicating that the essential heavy metal accumulates in faster rate than non-essential metals. Comparison with earlier studies showed that Fe and Cu bioaccumulation level was higher in samples from Pekan area with average of 576.45 and 19.05 μg g-1, respectively. All the other metals concentration was lower in the soft tissue of green mussel indicating comparatively lower heavy metal contamination in the Pekan, Pahang compared with other coasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-60
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Keywords

  • Bioaccumulation
  • Heavy metals
  • Mytilidae
  • Pekan
  • Perna viridis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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