Bilateral Ocular Ischaemic Syndrome-Rare Complication of Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis in an Omani Patient: Case report and literature review

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Abstract

Ocular ischaemic syndrome (OIS) is a relatively uncommon condition. Simultaneous bilateral involvement is even less common and has been reported in only 22% of all cases of OIS. It has variable clinical presentations, of which visual loss and ocular pain are the most common. It is believed to occur when there is a 90% or greater carotid artery obstruction. This syndrome is often associated with a number of systemic diseases including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary artery disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Only occasionally has it been described as a complication of rhinocerebral mucormycosis. We report an unusual case of bilateral OIS secondary to bilateral internal carotid artery thrombosis as a complication of invasive rhinocerebral mucormycosis. In addition, a review of clinical presentation, diagnostic work-up and treatment options for OIS is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Carotid stenosis
  • Carotid system imaging
  • Case report
  • Mucormycosis
  • Ocular ischemic syndrome
  • Oman

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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