مدى اشباع الحاجات النفسية الأساسية وأثره على الصحة النفسية لدى طلبة بعض الجامعات الخليجية

Translated title of the contribution: Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and its Impact on the Mental Health among Undergraduate Students in Selected GCC Universities

Ehab Omara, Kashef Zayed, Majid Al-Busafi, Asma A. Al-Attiyah, Nasser Y. al-Rawahi, Ahmad A. al-Haramleh, Ali Al-Shamli, Khalifa Mubarak Masaaod Al-Jadeedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study aimed to measure basic psychological needs’ satisfaction-frustration among undergraduate GCC students’ and to investigate the function of satisfaction or frustration of the basic psychological needs on positive mental health or depressive symptoms.
To achieve these aims, three measures have administered on a sample consisted of 608 undergraduate students from three GCC countries (Oman, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia: (1) Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction Frustration Scale (BPNSFS), (2) Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS), and (3) The second edition of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II).
Descriptive statistics explored that the level of needs satisfaction was high and convergent to a certain extent in the three countries, while the level of frustration was moderate with some disparity among the three countries. The results also showed a clear pattern of correlation between the level of satisfaction and mental health, and correlation between frustration and depressive symptoms. Finally, Multiple Regression Analysis showed that it is possible to predict individuals’ mental health according to their satisfaction or frustration with the basic psychological needs.
The study concluded that basic psychological needs’ satisfaction is positively associated with mental health, while needs frustration is associated with depressive symptoms. Thus, these results, provides additional evidence from the Arab context on the integrity of the foundation on which the Basic Psychological Needs Theory is based.
Translated title of the contributionBasic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and its Impact on the Mental Health among Undergraduate Students in Selected GCC Universities
Original languageArabic
JournalDirasat- Educational Sciences (University of Jordan)
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 7 2021

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