Awareness of the dangers of high salt intake among the urban omani population

Hassan Al-Riyami, Qusay Al-Abdulsalam, Ali Al-Khayari, Hilal Al-Mushrafi, Ziyad Al-Alawi, Khamis Al-Hashmi*, Sunil K. Nadar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the general public in Oman regarding the dangers of high salt intake. Methods: This cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted among the urban population in Oman. Individuals aged ≥18 were invited to join the study. Results: A total of 1,214 respondents (mean age 34 ± 10 years) answered the questionnaire. The majority were male (65.8%), employed (69.4%) and some were hypertensive (14.3%). Most (90.9%) were aware that excess salt can cause diseases such as hypertension and that it is either somewhat important (51.2%) or very important (42.9%) to reduce salt in the diet. However, only 42.2% said that they actively try to reduce salt in their diet. Conclusion: Although most people in urban areas of Oman appear to be aware of the dangers of high salt intake, only a few are actively trying to reduce it. More educational activities are required to improve awareness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e352-e356
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Cross-Sectional Survey
  • Low Salt Diet
  • Oman
  • Sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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