Remotely sensed wind speed, translation speed, atmospheric pressure, atmospheric precipitation rate and chlorophyll-a concentration were used to verify the hypothesis that the response of the phytoplankton community to propagating atmospheric cyclones should be associated with the phase of the seasonal cycle of this community and the translation speed of a cyclone. For the 12 cyclones investigated from the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea the maximal sustained wind speed varied twofold, whereas the translation speed of cyclones and the chlorophyll ratio (characterizing chlorophyll concentration before and after cyclone passage) varied by 10-fold. It was shown that cyclones affecting the phytoplankton community approaching its seasonal maximum either could not stimulate or stimulated a weak response of further increase of chlorophyll-a concentration (due to explicitly available nutrients). Controversially, cyclones affecting the community approaching its seasonal minimum could induce gradual increase of chlorophyll-a concentration. An exponential type of relationship between chlorophyll ratio and translation speed of cyclones was evaluated. In the range of translation speeds from 1 to 10 ms-1, the increase of chlorophyll-a concentration due to cyclone passage was most pronounced with regard to slow moving cyclones.
- Arabian Sea
- Atmospheric cyclones
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Computers in Earth Sciences