Asthma clinics in primary healthcare centres in Oman: Do they make a difference?

Abdulaziz Al-Mahrezi, Sawsan Baddar, Sheikha Al-Siyabi, Safaa Al-Kindi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Omar AL-Rawas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effect of newly established asthma clinics (ACs) on asthma management at primary healthcare centres (PHCs) in Oman. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted between June 2011 and May 2012 in seven PHCs in the Seeb wilayat of Muscat, Oman. All ≥6-year-old asthmatic patients visiting these PHCs during the study period were included. Electronic medical records were reviewed to determine which clinical assessment and management components had been documented. Results: A total of 452 asthmatic patients were included in the study. The mean age was 35 ± 21 years old (range: 6–95 years) and the majority (57%) were female. In total, 288 (64%) cases were managed at ACs and 164 (36%) were managed at general clinics (GCs). Significant differences were noted in the documentation of cases managed at ACs compared to those at GCs, including history-taking information regarding signs and symptoms (91% versus 19%; P <0.001), trigger factors (79% versus 16%; P <0.001) and a history of atopy (81% versus 17%; P <0.001), smoking (61% versus 7%; P <0.001), asthma exacerbations (73% versus 10%; P <0.001) or previous admissions (63% versus 10%; P <0.001). Furthermore, prescription rates of inhaled corticosteroids (72% versus 61%; P = 0.021) and short-acting β-agonists (93% versus 82%; P = 0.001) were significantly higher at ACs compared to GCs. Conclusion: Overall, the findings indicated that ACs have had a positive impact on asthma management at the studied PHCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e137-e142
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

Oman
Primary Health Care
Asthma
Electronic Health Records
Documentation
Signs and Symptoms
Prescriptions
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
History

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Disease management
  • Documentation
  • Medical history taking
  • Medical records
  • Oman
  • Patient compliance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Asthma clinics in primary healthcare centres in Oman : Do they make a difference? / Al-Mahrezi, Abdulaziz; Baddar, Sawsan; Al-Siyabi, Sheikha; Al-Kindi, Safaa; Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim; AL-Rawas, Omar.

In: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.05.2018, p. e137-e142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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