Objective. E-selectin is expressed on cytokine stimulated endothelial cells and plays an important role in leukocyte-endothelium interactions and inflammatory cell recruitment. The gene for E-selectin is located at chromosome 1q 23-25 within the linkage area for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The best characterized polymorphism in E-selectin molecule is A561C, which codes for Ser128Arg. We studied the prevalence of the A561C E-selectin gene polymorphism in patients with SLE and controls from 3 different ethnic populations. Methods. Three cohorts of patients with SLE (1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria) and matching population controls were studied. These consisted of Caucasians of British Isles descent, Caucasians of Spanish origin, and Caucasians of Turkish origin. We used polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism to genotype patients and controls. Results. The numbers of patients and controls in each group were: UK (113 and 148), Spanish (145 and 179), and Turkish (93 and 96), respectively. The C allele occurred more frequently in UK and Spanish patients (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.03-3.0, p = 0.037; and OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.1-3.09, p = 0.019), but not in Turkish patients (OR 1.03, 95% CI 0.55-1.97, p = 0.91). Conclusion. In 2 of 3 populations studied, the E-selectin C allele was significantly more common in SLE than in controls, E-selectin may be a susceptibility gene to SLE in these populations. Its role in disease expression and longterm outcomes such as accelerated atherosclerosis requires further study.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Association studies
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy