Association of a second phase of mortality in cucumber seedlings with a rapid rate of metalaxyl biodegradation in greenhouse soils

A. M. Al-Sa'di, A. Drenth, M. L. Deadman, F. A. Al-Said, I. Khan, E. A B Aitken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study was undertaken from 2004 to 2007 to investigate factors associated with decreased efficacy of metalaxyl to manage damping-off of cucumber in Oman. A survey over six growing seasons showed that growers lost up to 14.6% of seedlings following application of metalaxyl. No resistance to metalaxyl was found among Pythium isolates. Damping-off disease in the surveyed greenhouses followed two patterns. In most (69%) greenhouses, seedling mortality was found to occur shortly after transplanting and decrease thereafter (Phase-I). However, a second phase of seedling mortality (Phase-II) appeared 9-14 d after transplanting in about 31% of the surveyed greenhouses. Analysis of the rate of biodegradation of metalaxyl in six greenhouses indicated a significant increase in the rate of metalaxyl biodegradation in greenhouses, which encountered Phase-II damping-off. The half-life of metalaxyl dropped from 93 d in soil, which received no previous metalaxyl treatment to 14 d in soil, which received metalaxyl for eight consecutive seasons, indicating an enhanced rate of metalaxyl biodegradation after repeated use. Multiple applications of metalaxyl helped reduce the appearance of Phase-II damping-off. This appears to be the first report of rapid biodegradation of metalaxyl in greenhouse soils and the first report of its association with appearance of a second phase of mortality in cucumber seedlings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1110-1117
Number of pages8
JournalCrop Protection
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

Fingerprint

greenhouse soils
metalaxyl
biodegradation
cucumbers
seedlings
damping off
greenhouses
transplanting (plants)
Oman
Pythium
half life
soil
growers
growing season

Keywords

  • HPLC
  • ITS rDNA
  • Oomycetes
  • P. aphanidermatum
  • P. spinosum
  • Ridomil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Association of a second phase of mortality in cucumber seedlings with a rapid rate of metalaxyl biodegradation in greenhouse soils. / Al-Sa'di, A. M.; Drenth, A.; Deadman, M. L.; Al-Said, F. A.; Khan, I.; Aitken, E. A B.

In: Crop Protection, Vol. 27, No. 7, 07.2008, p. 1110-1117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Sa'di, A. M. ; Drenth, A. ; Deadman, M. L. ; Al-Said, F. A. ; Khan, I. ; Aitken, E. A B. / Association of a second phase of mortality in cucumber seedlings with a rapid rate of metalaxyl biodegradation in greenhouse soils. In: Crop Protection. 2008 ; Vol. 27, No. 7. pp. 1110-1117.
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AB - A study was undertaken from 2004 to 2007 to investigate factors associated with decreased efficacy of metalaxyl to manage damping-off of cucumber in Oman. A survey over six growing seasons showed that growers lost up to 14.6% of seedlings following application of metalaxyl. No resistance to metalaxyl was found among Pythium isolates. Damping-off disease in the surveyed greenhouses followed two patterns. In most (69%) greenhouses, seedling mortality was found to occur shortly after transplanting and decrease thereafter (Phase-I). However, a second phase of seedling mortality (Phase-II) appeared 9-14 d after transplanting in about 31% of the surveyed greenhouses. Analysis of the rate of biodegradation of metalaxyl in six greenhouses indicated a significant increase in the rate of metalaxyl biodegradation in greenhouses, which encountered Phase-II damping-off. The half-life of metalaxyl dropped from 93 d in soil, which received no previous metalaxyl treatment to 14 d in soil, which received metalaxyl for eight consecutive seasons, indicating an enhanced rate of metalaxyl biodegradation after repeated use. Multiple applications of metalaxyl helped reduce the appearance of Phase-II damping-off. This appears to be the first report of rapid biodegradation of metalaxyl in greenhouse soils and the first report of its association with appearance of a second phase of mortality in cucumber seedlings.

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