Assessment of wetland ecosystem health in Lower Songkhram, Thailand

Somphinith Muangthong, Roberto S. Clemente, Mukand Singh Babel, Wenresti Gallardo, Sutat Weesakul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study was conducted to assess the ecosystem health of Lower Songkhram wetland in Thailand, using a newly developed wetland ecosystem health index (WEHI) based on analysis of field survey and secondary data of the most dominant physical, environmental and socio-economic factors extracted by principal components analysis (PCA). The most influential physical, environmental and socio-economic factors identified were rainfall and awareness and participation of the local community, which had positive effects, whereas soil electrical conductivity (EC), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and urban development had negative effects. Based on the results, 9 of the 40 land units of the study area were in very good or good health, 11 in reasonable health, while 20 were found to be in poor or even very poor condition. These findings will be useful for decision-makers in planning and executing an effective and holistic strategy to prevent further wetland degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-246
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2012

Keywords

  • Lower Songkhram wetland
  • principal components analysis (PCA)
  • Thailand
  • wetland ecosystem health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Geography, Planning and Development

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