Assessment of sand drift potential along the Nile Valley and Delta using climatic and satellite data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sand encroachment is a significant environmental hazard prevailing across the western fringes of the Nile Valley and Delta due to the occurrence of many dune fields in the adjacent Western Desert. Climatic data acquired from five meteorological stations were used to assess drifting sand and dune activity along this heavily populated and cultivated region. Dune forms and rates of dune advance were extracted from remotely sensed images. Results showed that wind environment and topography are the significant factors for the distribution of aeolian deposits. Wind energy and sand drift are maximum in the Middle Egypt and minimum west of the Nile Delta. Transverse (barchan) dunes are the dominant throughout the study area. Nevertheless, longitudinal (linear) dunes are observed west of the Nile Delta. The southern one-third of the study area is bordered by an elevated plateau from the west that hinders significant dune clusters from reaching the Nile Valley. Development projects in the contiguous fringes west of the Nile Valley would respond negatively to sand encroachment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Geography
Volume55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014

Fingerprint

dunes
remote sensing
dune
satellite data
valleys
sand
valley
wind energy
desert
development project
Egypt
geography
barchan
eolian deposits
dune field
wind power
eolian deposit
environmental hazard
environmental hazards
development projects

Keywords

  • Drift potential
  • Dune activity
  • Nile Valley
  • Remote sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this

Assessment of sand drift potential along the Nile Valley and Delta using climatic and satellite data. / Hereher, Mohamed E.

In: Applied Geography, Vol. 55, 01.12.2014, p. 39-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{06c8f24cf2524082b3ad37ee8f224643,
title = "Assessment of sand drift potential along the Nile Valley and Delta using climatic and satellite data",
abstract = "Sand encroachment is a significant environmental hazard prevailing across the western fringes of the Nile Valley and Delta due to the occurrence of many dune fields in the adjacent Western Desert. Climatic data acquired from five meteorological stations were used to assess drifting sand and dune activity along this heavily populated and cultivated region. Dune forms and rates of dune advance were extracted from remotely sensed images. Results showed that wind environment and topography are the significant factors for the distribution of aeolian deposits. Wind energy and sand drift are maximum in the Middle Egypt and minimum west of the Nile Delta. Transverse (barchan) dunes are the dominant throughout the study area. Nevertheless, longitudinal (linear) dunes are observed west of the Nile Delta. The southern one-third of the study area is bordered by an elevated plateau from the west that hinders significant dune clusters from reaching the Nile Valley. Development projects in the contiguous fringes west of the Nile Valley would respond negatively to sand encroachment.",
keywords = "Drift potential, Dune activity, Nile Valley, Remote sensing",
author = "Hereher, {Mohamed E.}",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.09.004",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "39--47",
journal = "Applied Geography",
issn = "0143-6228",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of sand drift potential along the Nile Valley and Delta using climatic and satellite data

AU - Hereher, Mohamed E.

PY - 2014/12/1

Y1 - 2014/12/1

N2 - Sand encroachment is a significant environmental hazard prevailing across the western fringes of the Nile Valley and Delta due to the occurrence of many dune fields in the adjacent Western Desert. Climatic data acquired from five meteorological stations were used to assess drifting sand and dune activity along this heavily populated and cultivated region. Dune forms and rates of dune advance were extracted from remotely sensed images. Results showed that wind environment and topography are the significant factors for the distribution of aeolian deposits. Wind energy and sand drift are maximum in the Middle Egypt and minimum west of the Nile Delta. Transverse (barchan) dunes are the dominant throughout the study area. Nevertheless, longitudinal (linear) dunes are observed west of the Nile Delta. The southern one-third of the study area is bordered by an elevated plateau from the west that hinders significant dune clusters from reaching the Nile Valley. Development projects in the contiguous fringes west of the Nile Valley would respond negatively to sand encroachment.

AB - Sand encroachment is a significant environmental hazard prevailing across the western fringes of the Nile Valley and Delta due to the occurrence of many dune fields in the adjacent Western Desert. Climatic data acquired from five meteorological stations were used to assess drifting sand and dune activity along this heavily populated and cultivated region. Dune forms and rates of dune advance were extracted from remotely sensed images. Results showed that wind environment and topography are the significant factors for the distribution of aeolian deposits. Wind energy and sand drift are maximum in the Middle Egypt and minimum west of the Nile Delta. Transverse (barchan) dunes are the dominant throughout the study area. Nevertheless, longitudinal (linear) dunes are observed west of the Nile Delta. The southern one-third of the study area is bordered by an elevated plateau from the west that hinders significant dune clusters from reaching the Nile Valley. Development projects in the contiguous fringes west of the Nile Valley would respond negatively to sand encroachment.

KW - Drift potential

KW - Dune activity

KW - Nile Valley

KW - Remote sensing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907730128&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907730128&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.09.004

DO - 10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.09.004

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 39

EP - 47

JO - Applied Geography

JF - Applied Geography

SN - 0143-6228

ER -