Assessment of pest and pesticide trends in vegetable crops in the United Arab Emirates and Sultanate of OMAN

W. Kaakeh, F. A. Talukder, J. H. Aldahmani, M. Maraqa, M. L. Deadman, S. A. Al-Jabrid, A. Al-Saadib, A. A. Al-Raeesi, H. Al Hasani, L. Al-Subhi, A. A. Bosamrah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A preliminary survey on pesticide uses in 40 vegetable-growing farms representing different agricultural areas in Oman and the UAE, twenty farms from each country, revealed that all the vegetable farms used pesticides for crop protection. Among the major insect-pests, whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci), leafminers (Liriomyza trifolii), melon fruit flies (Bactrocera ciliatus), aphids (Aphis spp.) and tobacco leafworm (Spodoptera litteralis) were recorded in Omani farms. In the UAE, whiteflies, leafminers, cutworms (Agrotis ypsilan), tomato fruitworms (Helicoverpa armigera) and eggplant fruitworms (Leucinodes orbonalis) were the 5 top insect-pests. Among the plant diseases, powdery mildew (Erysiphe spp.), blight (Alternaria spp.), damping off (Pythium spp.), leafspot (Alternaria spp.) and mosaic (CMV) were major cause of vegetable diseases in Omani farms; whereas, damping off (Pythium aphanidermatum), downy mildew (Pseudoperonspora cubensis), early blight (Alternaria solani), septoria leaf spot (Septoria lycopersici) and anthracnose rip rot (Colletotrichum spp.) were the most predominant diseases encountered in most UAE farms. Among the most commonly used pesticides, 29 insecticides, 16 fungicides and 3 herbicides were used by the vegetable farmers. Around 55% of Omani farms used routine application of pesticides, irrespective of the pest presence. Whereas, in the UAE, most farmers started to spray pesticides at 6-20% pest (insect, disease & weeds) infestation. Over 65% of the farms, in both the countries, received chemical pest management information from the sales representatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-351
Number of pages6
JournalPakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research
Volume50
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Fungicides
  • Herbicides
  • Insect-pests
  • Insecticides
  • Oman
  • Pesticide residues
  • Pesticide resistance
  • UAE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Kaakeh, W., Talukder, F. A., Aldahmani, J. H., Maraqa, M., Deadman, M. L., Al-Jabrid, S. A., Al-Saadib, A., Al-Raeesi, A. A., Al Hasani, H., Al-Subhi, L., & Bosamrah, A. A. (2007). Assessment of pest and pesticide trends in vegetable crops in the United Arab Emirates and Sultanate of OMAN. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 50(5), 346-351.