Assessing work motivation for academic librarians in Oman

Ali Al-Aufi, Khulood Ahmed Al-Kalbani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to identify and assess the status and level of motivation of employees working in the Omani academic libraries at Muscat Governorate according to Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Design/methodology/approach: A quantitative approach containing a questionnaire survey was used for collecting data from 111 librarians and library employees in 29 identified academic libraries. Findings: Findings pointed out that the motivation level was modest with varied attitudes for individual motivational needs. The need for security was indicated as the least motivating with an average mean score below agreement. Their lower-order motivational needs are apparently satisfied except for security needs which indicated a level below satisfaction. On the other hand, the upper-level needs of self-esteem were not adequately satisfied. Research limitations/implications: Motivation has the potential to satisfy the five essential needs that Maslow built up in hierarchy. However, library managers are also responsible to determine every individual behavior of employees and accordingly adopt the proper motivational strategy. The study recommends developing and implementing local standards for a motivational system appropriate for all academic libraries in Oman, taking into consideration the respondents' needs for security. The study also recommends conducting further studies on work motivation in other library settings such as learning resource centers and public libraries. Originality/value: The study helps assess the status of motivation in the academic libraries of a developing country. It also helps describe and explain motivation from the perspectives of librarians and other employees. The literature in the region does not indicate similar studies that addressed the issue of motivation in the academic libraries or other library settings. This study, however, is the first to deal with motivation in academic libraries in Oman.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-212
Number of pages14
JournalLibrary Management
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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work motivation
Oman
librarian
employee
self-esteem

Keywords

  • Academic librarians
  • Academic libraries
  • Human motivation
  • Incentives
  • Maslow's hierarchy of needs
  • Oman

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

Assessing work motivation for academic librarians in Oman. / Al-Aufi, Ali; Al-Kalbani, Khulood Ahmed.

In: Library Management, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2014, p. 199-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Aufi, Ali ; Al-Kalbani, Khulood Ahmed. / Assessing work motivation for academic librarians in Oman. In: Library Management. 2014 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 199-212.
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