Arboviruses pathogenic for domestic and wild animals

Zdenek Hubálek, Ivo Rudolf, Norbert Nowotny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to provide an updated and concise systematic review on taxonomy, history, arthropod vectors, vertebrate hosts, animal disease, and geographic distribution of all arboviruses known to date to cause disease in homeotherm (endotherm) vertebrates, except those affecting exclusively man. Fifty arboviruses pathogenic for animals have been documented worldwide, belonging to seven families: Togaviridae (mosquito-borne Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan equine encephalilitis viruses; Sindbis, Middelburg, Getah, and Semliki Forest viruses), Flaviviridae (mosquito-borne yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, West Nile, Usutu, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu and Wesselsbron viruses; tick-borne encephalitis, louping ill, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease, and Tyuleniy viruses), Bunyaviridae (tick-borne Nairobi sheep disease, Soldado, and Bhanja viruses; mosquito-borne Rift Valley fever, La Crosse, Snowshoe hare, and Cache Valley viruses; biting midges-borne Main Drain, Akabane, Aino, Shuni, and Schmallenberg viruses), Reoviridae (biting midges-borne African horse sickness, Kasba, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, Ibaraki, equine encephalosis, Peruvian horse sickness, and Yunnan viruses), Rhabdoviridae (sandfly/mosquito-borne bovine ephemeral fever, vesicular stomatitis-Indiana, vesicular stomatitis-New Jersey, vesicular stomatitis-Alagoas, and Coccal viruses), Orthomyxoviridae (tick-borne Thogoto virus), and Asfarviridae (tick-borne African swine fever virus). They are transmitted to animals by five groups of hematophagous arthropods of the subphyllum Chelicerata (order Acarina, families Ixodidae and Argasidae-ticks) or members of the class Insecta: mosquitoes (family Culicidae); biting midges (family Ceratopogonidae); sandflies (subfamily Phlebotominae); and cimicid bugs (family Cimicidae). Arboviral diseases in endotherm animals may therefore be classified as: tick-borne (louping ill and tick-borne encephalitis, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease, Tyuleniy fever, Nairobi sheep disease, Soldado fever, Bhanja fever, Thogoto fever, African swine fever), mosquito-borne (Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitides, Highlands J disease, Getah disease, Semliki Forest disease, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, West Nile encephalitis, Usutu disease, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu disease/duck egg-drop syndrome, Wesselsbron disease, La Crosse encephalitis, Snowshoe hare encephalitis, Cache Valley disease, Main Drain disease, Rift Valley fever, Peruvian horse sickness, Yunnan disease), sandfly-borne (vesicular stomatitis-Indiana, New Jersey, and Alagoas, Cocal disease), midge-borne (Akabane disease, Aino disease, Schmallenberg disease, Shuni disease, African horse sickness, Kasba disease, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, Ibaraki disease, equine encephalosis, bovine ephemeral fever, Kotonkan disease), and cimicid-borne (Buggy Creek disease). Animals infected with these arboviruses regularly develop a febrile disease accompanied by various nonspecific symptoms; however, additional severe syndromes may occur: neurological diseases (meningitis, encephalitis, encephalomyelitis); hemorrhagic symptoms; abortions and congenital disorders; or vesicular stomatitis. Certain arboviral diseases cause significant economic losses in domestic animals-for example, Eastern, Western and Venezuelan equine encephalitides, West Nile encephalitis, Nairobi sheep disease, Rift Valley fever, Akabane fever, Schmallenberg disease (emerged recently in Europe), African horse sickness, bluetongue, vesicular stomatitis, and African swine fever; all of these (except for Akabane and Schmallenberg diseases) are notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE, 2012).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-275
Number of pages75
JournalAdvances in Virus Research
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Arboviruses
Wild Animals
Domestic Animals
Encephalitis
Culicidae
Vesicular Stomatitis
Nairobi Sheep Disease
Ceratopogonidae
Ticks
Psychodidae
African Horse Sickness
Fever
Rift Valley Fever
Bluetongue
Omsk Hemorrhagic Fever
Horses
Louping Ill
Ephemeral Fever
Viruses
Western Equine Encephalomyelitis

Keywords

  • (Re-)emerging
  • Abortions
  • African horse sickness
  • African swine fever
  • Aino
  • Akabane
  • Animals
  • Arboviral disease
  • Arboviruses
  • Argasidae
  • Asfarviridae
  • Bhanja
  • Biting midges
  • Bluetongue
  • Bovine ephemeral fever
  • Bunyaviridae
  • Cache Valley
  • Ceratopogonidae
  • Cimicid bugs
  • Cimicidae
  • Coccal
  • Congenital disorders
  • Culicidae
  • Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan equine encephalilitis
  • Encephalitis
  • Encephalomyelitis
  • Epizootic hemorrhagic disease
  • Equine encephalosis
  • Flaviviridae
  • Getah
  • Hematophagous arthropods
  • Hemorrhagic symptoms
  • Ibaraki
  • Israel turkey meningoencephalitis
  • Ixodidae
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Kasba
  • Kyasanur Forest disease
  • La Crosse
  • Louping ill
  • Main Drain
  • Meningitis
  • Middelburg
  • Mosquitoes
  • Murray Valley encephalitis
  • Nairobi sheep disease
  • Neurological diseases
  • Omsk hemorrhagic fever
  • Orthomyxoviridae
  • Peruvian horse sickness
  • Phlebotominae
  • Reoviridae
  • Rhabdoviridae
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Sandflies
  • Schmallenberg
  • Semliki Forest
  • Shuni
  • Sindbis
  • Snowshoe hare
  • Soldado
  • Taxonomy
  • Tembusu
  • Thogoto
  • Tick-borne encephalitis
  • Ticks
  • Togaviridae
  • Tyuleniy
  • Usutu
  • Vectors
  • Vesicular stomatitis
  • Wesselsbron
  • West Nile
  • Yellow fever
  • Yunnan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Arboviruses pathogenic for domestic and wild animals. / Hubálek, Zdenek; Rudolf, Ivo; Nowotny, Norbert.

In: Advances in Virus Research, Vol. 89, 2014, p. 201-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hubálek, Zdenek ; Rudolf, Ivo ; Nowotny, Norbert. / Arboviruses pathogenic for domestic and wild animals. In: Advances in Virus Research. 2014 ; Vol. 89. pp. 201-275.
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Arboviruses pathogenic for domestic and wild animals

AU - Hubálek, Zdenek

AU - Rudolf, Ivo

AU - Nowotny, Norbert

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The objective of this chapter is to provide an updated and concise systematic review on taxonomy, history, arthropod vectors, vertebrate hosts, animal disease, and geographic distribution of all arboviruses known to date to cause disease in homeotherm (endotherm) vertebrates, except those affecting exclusively man. Fifty arboviruses pathogenic for animals have been documented worldwide, belonging to seven families: Togaviridae (mosquito-borne Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan equine encephalilitis viruses; Sindbis, Middelburg, Getah, and Semliki Forest viruses), Flaviviridae (mosquito-borne yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, West Nile, Usutu, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu and Wesselsbron viruses; tick-borne encephalitis, louping ill, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease, and Tyuleniy viruses), Bunyaviridae (tick-borne Nairobi sheep disease, Soldado, and Bhanja viruses; mosquito-borne Rift Valley fever, La Crosse, Snowshoe hare, and Cache Valley viruses; biting midges-borne Main Drain, Akabane, Aino, Shuni, and Schmallenberg viruses), Reoviridae (biting midges-borne African horse sickness, Kasba, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, Ibaraki, equine encephalosis, Peruvian horse sickness, and Yunnan viruses), Rhabdoviridae (sandfly/mosquito-borne bovine ephemeral fever, vesicular stomatitis-Indiana, vesicular stomatitis-New Jersey, vesicular stomatitis-Alagoas, and Coccal viruses), Orthomyxoviridae (tick-borne Thogoto virus), and Asfarviridae (tick-borne African swine fever virus). They are transmitted to animals by five groups of hematophagous arthropods of the subphyllum Chelicerata (order Acarina, families Ixodidae and Argasidae-ticks) or members of the class Insecta: mosquitoes (family Culicidae); biting midges (family Ceratopogonidae); sandflies (subfamily Phlebotominae); and cimicid bugs (family Cimicidae). Arboviral diseases in endotherm animals may therefore be classified as: tick-borne (louping ill and tick-borne encephalitis, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease, Tyuleniy fever, Nairobi sheep disease, Soldado fever, Bhanja fever, Thogoto fever, African swine fever), mosquito-borne (Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitides, Highlands J disease, Getah disease, Semliki Forest disease, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, West Nile encephalitis, Usutu disease, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu disease/duck egg-drop syndrome, Wesselsbron disease, La Crosse encephalitis, Snowshoe hare encephalitis, Cache Valley disease, Main Drain disease, Rift Valley fever, Peruvian horse sickness, Yunnan disease), sandfly-borne (vesicular stomatitis-Indiana, New Jersey, and Alagoas, Cocal disease), midge-borne (Akabane disease, Aino disease, Schmallenberg disease, Shuni disease, African horse sickness, Kasba disease, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, Ibaraki disease, equine encephalosis, bovine ephemeral fever, Kotonkan disease), and cimicid-borne (Buggy Creek disease). Animals infected with these arboviruses regularly develop a febrile disease accompanied by various nonspecific symptoms; however, additional severe syndromes may occur: neurological diseases (meningitis, encephalitis, encephalomyelitis); hemorrhagic symptoms; abortions and congenital disorders; or vesicular stomatitis. Certain arboviral diseases cause significant economic losses in domestic animals-for example, Eastern, Western and Venezuelan equine encephalitides, West Nile encephalitis, Nairobi sheep disease, Rift Valley fever, Akabane fever, Schmallenberg disease (emerged recently in Europe), African horse sickness, bluetongue, vesicular stomatitis, and African swine fever; all of these (except for Akabane and Schmallenberg diseases) are notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE, 2012).

AB - The objective of this chapter is to provide an updated and concise systematic review on taxonomy, history, arthropod vectors, vertebrate hosts, animal disease, and geographic distribution of all arboviruses known to date to cause disease in homeotherm (endotherm) vertebrates, except those affecting exclusively man. Fifty arboviruses pathogenic for animals have been documented worldwide, belonging to seven families: Togaviridae (mosquito-borne Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan equine encephalilitis viruses; Sindbis, Middelburg, Getah, and Semliki Forest viruses), Flaviviridae (mosquito-borne yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, West Nile, Usutu, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu and Wesselsbron viruses; tick-borne encephalitis, louping ill, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease, and Tyuleniy viruses), Bunyaviridae (tick-borne Nairobi sheep disease, Soldado, and Bhanja viruses; mosquito-borne Rift Valley fever, La Crosse, Snowshoe hare, and Cache Valley viruses; biting midges-borne Main Drain, Akabane, Aino, Shuni, and Schmallenberg viruses), Reoviridae (biting midges-borne African horse sickness, Kasba, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, Ibaraki, equine encephalosis, Peruvian horse sickness, and Yunnan viruses), Rhabdoviridae (sandfly/mosquito-borne bovine ephemeral fever, vesicular stomatitis-Indiana, vesicular stomatitis-New Jersey, vesicular stomatitis-Alagoas, and Coccal viruses), Orthomyxoviridae (tick-borne Thogoto virus), and Asfarviridae (tick-borne African swine fever virus). They are transmitted to animals by five groups of hematophagous arthropods of the subphyllum Chelicerata (order Acarina, families Ixodidae and Argasidae-ticks) or members of the class Insecta: mosquitoes (family Culicidae); biting midges (family Ceratopogonidae); sandflies (subfamily Phlebotominae); and cimicid bugs (family Cimicidae). Arboviral diseases in endotherm animals may therefore be classified as: tick-borne (louping ill and tick-borne encephalitis, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease, Tyuleniy fever, Nairobi sheep disease, Soldado fever, Bhanja fever, Thogoto fever, African swine fever), mosquito-borne (Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitides, Highlands J disease, Getah disease, Semliki Forest disease, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, West Nile encephalitis, Usutu disease, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu disease/duck egg-drop syndrome, Wesselsbron disease, La Crosse encephalitis, Snowshoe hare encephalitis, Cache Valley disease, Main Drain disease, Rift Valley fever, Peruvian horse sickness, Yunnan disease), sandfly-borne (vesicular stomatitis-Indiana, New Jersey, and Alagoas, Cocal disease), midge-borne (Akabane disease, Aino disease, Schmallenberg disease, Shuni disease, African horse sickness, Kasba disease, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, Ibaraki disease, equine encephalosis, bovine ephemeral fever, Kotonkan disease), and cimicid-borne (Buggy Creek disease). Animals infected with these arboviruses regularly develop a febrile disease accompanied by various nonspecific symptoms; however, additional severe syndromes may occur: neurological diseases (meningitis, encephalitis, encephalomyelitis); hemorrhagic symptoms; abortions and congenital disorders; or vesicular stomatitis. Certain arboviral diseases cause significant economic losses in domestic animals-for example, Eastern, Western and Venezuelan equine encephalitides, West Nile encephalitis, Nairobi sheep disease, Rift Valley fever, Akabane fever, Schmallenberg disease (emerged recently in Europe), African horse sickness, bluetongue, vesicular stomatitis, and African swine fever; all of these (except for Akabane and Schmallenberg diseases) are notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE, 2012).

KW - (Re-)emerging

KW - Abortions

KW - African horse sickness

KW - African swine fever

KW - Aino

KW - Akabane

KW - Animals

KW - Arboviral disease

KW - Arboviruses

KW - Argasidae

KW - Asfarviridae

KW - Bhanja

KW - Biting midges

KW - Bluetongue

KW - Bovine ephemeral fever

KW - Bunyaviridae

KW - Cache Valley

KW - Ceratopogonidae

KW - Cimicid bugs

KW - Cimicidae

KW - Coccal

KW - Congenital disorders

KW - Culicidae

KW - Eastern, Western, and Venezuelan equine encephalilitis

KW - Encephalitis

KW - Encephalomyelitis

KW - Epizootic hemorrhagic disease

KW - Equine encephalosis

KW - Flaviviridae

KW - Getah

KW - Hematophagous arthropods

KW - Hemorrhagic symptoms

KW - Ibaraki

KW - Israel turkey meningoencephalitis

KW - Ixodidae

KW - Japanese encephalitis

KW - Kasba

KW - Kyasanur Forest disease

KW - La Crosse

KW - Louping ill

KW - Main Drain

KW - Meningitis

KW - Middelburg

KW - Mosquitoes

KW - Murray Valley encephalitis

KW - Nairobi sheep disease

KW - Neurological diseases

KW - Omsk hemorrhagic fever

KW - Orthomyxoviridae

KW - Peruvian horse sickness

KW - Phlebotominae

KW - Reoviridae

KW - Rhabdoviridae

KW - Rift Valley fever

KW - Sandflies

KW - Schmallenberg

KW - Semliki Forest

KW - Shuni

KW - Sindbis

KW - Snowshoe hare

KW - Soldado

KW - Taxonomy

KW - Tembusu

KW - Thogoto

KW - Tick-borne encephalitis

KW - Ticks

KW - Togaviridae

KW - Tyuleniy

KW - Usutu

KW - Vectors

KW - Vesicular stomatitis

KW - Wesselsbron

KW - West Nile

KW - Yellow fever

KW - Yunnan

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