Application of Nanotechnology for Sustainable Crop Production Systems

Akbar Hossain, Rout George Kerry, Muhammad Farooq, Nawfel Abdullah, M. Tofazzal Islam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In relation to other applied sciences, nanotechnology has a great potential for sustainability of crop production in the era of climate change. In the present chapter, we highlighted that nanomaterials such as nanofertilizers, nanopesticides, nanocarriers, nanosensors, nano-packaging and nano-chips can be potentially used to improve the crop productivity. The use of nanomaterials reduces the amount of sprayed agrochemicals by smart delivery of active ingredients, minimizes nutrient losses in fertilization and increases yields through optimized water and nutrient management. Similarly, nanosensors can increase water, nutrient and chemical use efficiency. Therefore, it is an eco-friendly and economically viable tool. Nanotechnology-led innovations are also being used in plant improvement and genomic transformation programmes. New nanoparticles from biomasses such as highly porous nano-carbon for lignocellulosic fibre jute remarkably add high value to the agricultural produces and processed materials. Therefore, applied research-based potential use of nanotechnology is needed for sustainable crop production systems under the changing climate.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanotechnology in the Life Sciences
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Pages135-159
Number of pages25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameNanotechnology in the Life Sciences

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Nanomaterials
  • Nanotechnology
  • Sustainable crop production

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