Antioxidant levels in tissues of young and adult camels (Camelus dromedarius)

H. M. Mousa, O. H. Omer, B. H. Ali, N. Al-Wabel, S. M. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we measured the concentration of some antioxidant substances in erythrocytes hemolysate, liver, kidney and brain in young and adult camels. It has been found that the activity of the antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the concentration of glutathione, ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol are high in both young and adult camels. GSH-Px and CAT activities were higher in adult camels than in the young whereas no significant difference in the activity of SOD between young and adult camels was noticed. Glutathione was present in all tissues studied. Ascorbic acid was found to have significantly higher values in young camels. From this study it could be concluded that, as in other mammals, camel tissues contain a powerful antioxidant system. The liver has the highest contents of antioxidants and antioxidant enzymes indicating that it plays an important role in pro-oxidants detoxification. Age has a variable effect on the antioxidant system in camels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-218
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume62
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • α-tocopherol
  • Antioxidants
  • Ascorbic acid
  • Camels
  • Catalase
  • Glutathione peroxidase
  • Superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry

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