An integrated geophysical strategy comprising deep electrical resistivity and gravity data was devised to image subbasalt sedimentary basins. A 3D gravity inversion was used to determine the basement structure of the Permian sediments underlying the Cretaceous formation of the Jam River Basin in India. The thickness of the Cretaceous formation above the Permian sediments estimated from modeling 60 deep-electric-sounding data points agrees well with drilling information. The gravity effect of mass deficit between the Cretaceous and Permian formations was found using 3D forward modeling and subsequently removed from the Bouguer gravity anomaly along with the regional gravity field. The modified residual gravity field was then subjected to 3D inversion to map the variations in depth of the basement beneath the Permian sediments. Inversion of gravity data resulted in two basement ridges, running almost east to west, dividing the basin into three independent depressions. It was found that the Katol and Kondhali faults were active even during post-Cretaceous time and were responsible for the development of the subsurface basement ridges in the basin. The inferred 3D basement configuration of the basin clearly brought out the listric nature of these two faults. Further, the extension of the Godavari Basin into the Deccan syneclise and the fact that the source-rock studies show the presence of hydrocarbons in the Sironcha block in the northern part of the Godavari Basin also shed some light on the hydrocarbon potential of the Jam River Basin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology