An experimental study of the performance and emission characteristics of a compression ignition (CI) engine fueled with palm oil based biodiesel

M. Norhafana*, M. M. Noor, A. A. Hairuddin, F. Y. Hagos, S. I. Ayob, K. Kadirgama, D. Ramasamy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, many researches have been performed to find suitable alternative fuels to petroleum products. In the present investigation, an experimental work has been carried out to analyze the performance and emissions characteristics of a single cylinder compression ignition DI engine fuelled with the blends of biodiesel at the different engine speed. The performance parameters evaluated were torque, brake power (BP), brake mean effective pressure (BMEP) and the emissions such as carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and unburned hydrocarbon (UHC). The results of experimental investigation with biodiesel blends with diesel are compared with that of diesel. The performance parameter in terms of torque and BMEP are 12.5 % and 9% less for B5 and B10 than diesel respectively. BP for diesel was higher about 6 % compared to biodiesel blends. The results indicated that the UHC, CO and CO2 emissions are slightly less than diesel; UHC emissions were also observed to be 4% less for B5 and B10 compared to diesel, CO emissions were also observed to be 5% less for B5 and B10 compared to diesel and CO2 emissions were also observed to be 1% less for B5 and B10 compared to diesel. In a nutshell, performance characteristics for biodiesel were lower compared to diesel which not much significant difference, while emission characteristics for biodiesel blend were improved compared to diesel.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018
EditorsWan Azmi Wan Hamzah, Saiful Anwar Che Ghani, Mohd. Shahrir Mohd Sani, Abdul Adam Abdullah
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417878
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 11 2019
Event3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018 - Kuantan, Malaysia
Duration: Jul 25 2018Jul 26 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2059
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityKuantan
Period7/25/187/26/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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