An expansion of fuzzy information granules through successive refinements of their information content and their use to system modeling

Abdullah Balamash*, Witold Pedrycz, Rami Al-Hmouz, Ali Morfeq

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


This study is concerned with a fundamental problem of expanding (refining) information granules being treated as functional entities playing a pivotal role in Granular Computing and ensuing constructs such as granular models, granular classifiers, and granular predictors. We formulate a problem of refinement of information granules as a certain optimization task in which a selected information granule is refined into a family of more detailed (precise, viz. more specific) information granules so that a general partition requirement becomes satisfied. As the ensuing information granules are directly linked with the more general information granule positioned at the higher level of hierarchy, the partition criterion is conditional by being implied (conditioned) by the description of the granule positioned one level up in the hierarchy. A criterion guiding a refinement of information granules is formulated and made fully reflective of the nature of the problem (being of regression-like or of classification character), which leads to a distinct way in which the diversity of information granules is articulated and quantified. With regard to the detailed algorithmic setting, we discuss the use of a so-called conditional Fuzzy C-Means and show how information granules (fuzzy sets) are formed in a successive manner. The method helps highlight the ensuing calculations of the resulting membership functions and reveal how the detailed structure of the data is captured. A number of numeric studies in the realm of system modeling are provided to demonstrate the performance of the approach and highlight the nature of the resulting information granules along with the performance of the fuzzy models in which these information granules are used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2985-2997
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2015


  • Fuzzy clustering
  • Granular computing
  • Information content
  • Information granules
  • Successive refinements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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