An elicitor of the rice sheath blight pathogen Rhizoctonia solani exhibits dual function: Elicitation and suppression of tissue necrotization in rice

R. Velazhahan, P. Vidhyasekaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An elicitor has been isolated from Rhizoctonia solani, the rice sheath blight pathogen. When rice suspension-cultured cells were treated with the elicitor, increased activities of lipoxygenase and lipid peroxidation were observed within 6 h after treatment. H2O2 and superoxide anion were found to be produced in cultured cells within 10 min after elicitor treatment. Peroxidase, catalase, and superoxide dismutase activities also increased due to elicitor treatment. An increase in ascorbic acid content was observed in rice cultured cells within 6 h after elicitor treatment. Ascorbate peroxidase activity also increased. Ascorbic acid suppressed the elicitor-induced lipid peroxidation, lipoxygenase activity, phenolic accumulation and peroxidase-dependent oxidation of phenols. Thus the fungal elicitor not only induced cell and tissue necrotization but also defense-related activities such as activation of antioxidants and scavengers of active oxygen species. The importance of dual function of the elicitor in pathogenesis is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-198
Number of pages12
JournalActa Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Volume34
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Thanatephorus cucumeris
blight
rice
pathogens
cultured cells
lipoxygenase
peroxidase
lipid peroxidation
ascorbic acid
tissues
elicitors
ascorbate peroxidase
phenols
superoxide anion
catalase
superoxide dismutase
pathogenesis
oxidation
antioxidants

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Prooxidants
  • Rhizoctonia solani

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Insect Science

Cite this

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title = "An elicitor of the rice sheath blight pathogen Rhizoctonia solani exhibits dual function: Elicitation and suppression of tissue necrotization in rice",
abstract = "An elicitor has been isolated from Rhizoctonia solani, the rice sheath blight pathogen. When rice suspension-cultured cells were treated with the elicitor, increased activities of lipoxygenase and lipid peroxidation were observed within 6 h after treatment. H2O2 and superoxide anion were found to be produced in cultured cells within 10 min after elicitor treatment. Peroxidase, catalase, and superoxide dismutase activities also increased due to elicitor treatment. An increase in ascorbic acid content was observed in rice cultured cells within 6 h after elicitor treatment. Ascorbate peroxidase activity also increased. Ascorbic acid suppressed the elicitor-induced lipid peroxidation, lipoxygenase activity, phenolic accumulation and peroxidase-dependent oxidation of phenols. Thus the fungal elicitor not only induced cell and tissue necrotization but also defense-related activities such as activation of antioxidants and scavengers of active oxygen species. The importance of dual function of the elicitor in pathogenesis is discussed.",
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T2 - Elicitation and suppression of tissue necrotization in rice

AU - Velazhahan, R.

AU - Vidhyasekaran, P.

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - An elicitor has been isolated from Rhizoctonia solani, the rice sheath blight pathogen. When rice suspension-cultured cells were treated with the elicitor, increased activities of lipoxygenase and lipid peroxidation were observed within 6 h after treatment. H2O2 and superoxide anion were found to be produced in cultured cells within 10 min after elicitor treatment. Peroxidase, catalase, and superoxide dismutase activities also increased due to elicitor treatment. An increase in ascorbic acid content was observed in rice cultured cells within 6 h after elicitor treatment. Ascorbate peroxidase activity also increased. Ascorbic acid suppressed the elicitor-induced lipid peroxidation, lipoxygenase activity, phenolic accumulation and peroxidase-dependent oxidation of phenols. Thus the fungal elicitor not only induced cell and tissue necrotization but also defense-related activities such as activation of antioxidants and scavengers of active oxygen species. The importance of dual function of the elicitor in pathogenesis is discussed.

AB - An elicitor has been isolated from Rhizoctonia solani, the rice sheath blight pathogen. When rice suspension-cultured cells were treated with the elicitor, increased activities of lipoxygenase and lipid peroxidation were observed within 6 h after treatment. H2O2 and superoxide anion were found to be produced in cultured cells within 10 min after elicitor treatment. Peroxidase, catalase, and superoxide dismutase activities also increased due to elicitor treatment. An increase in ascorbic acid content was observed in rice cultured cells within 6 h after elicitor treatment. Ascorbate peroxidase activity also increased. Ascorbic acid suppressed the elicitor-induced lipid peroxidation, lipoxygenase activity, phenolic accumulation and peroxidase-dependent oxidation of phenols. Thus the fungal elicitor not only induced cell and tissue necrotization but also defense-related activities such as activation of antioxidants and scavengers of active oxygen species. The importance of dual function of the elicitor in pathogenesis is discussed.

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KW - Prooxidants

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