Alteration in peripheral muscle strength among overweight and obese individuals: A systematic review

Vikram Mohan, Nurul Fatin Hazirah Abdul Rahman, Nur Farhana Md Yunus, Nur Syazni Abd Razak, Kesavanarayanan Krishnan Selvarajan, Srijit Das*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Peripheral muscle dysfunction in Overweight (OW) and Obesity (OB) leads to fatigue and activity limitations. However, there are contradictory views regarding the exact level with regard to hand grip and quadriceps muscle strength in OW and OB. The main objective of the present systematic review was to synthesize the literature for the strength part of the hand grip and quadriceps muscle strength among OW and OB. Literature search of Scopus, EBSCO and PubMed databases from 01.01.2004 to 30.06.2016, was performed. We set our search strategy using the terms “overweight OR obesity” AND “muscle strength” AND “grip OR quadriceps”. Two reviewers administered established eligible criteria and extracted the data. Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) was used to assess the risk of bias. Sixteen articles which were included identified Handgrip Strength (HGS), shoulder flexor, elbow flexor and knee extensor were found to be altered. There were consistent results with an increase in quadriceps muscle strength, whereas differed results were found in hand grip to increase and decrease in muscle strength in the presence of OW and OB. It is concluded that HGS appeared to be diversified with findings of increased and decrease strength, whereas regarding the quadriceps muscles, the findings were homogeneous.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-32
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Grip
  • Muscle strength
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Quadriceps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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