Allelopathic potential of bread wheat helps in suppressing the littleseed canarygrass (Phalaris minor Retz.) at its varying densities

Muhammad Saleem Kashif, Muhammad Farooq*, Zahid Ata Cheema, Ahmad Nawaz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this 2-year field study, we investigated the allelopathic effects of three wheat cultivars (Shafaq-06, Faisalabad-08 and Sehar-06) against different density levels (0, 100, 200 and 300 plants m−2) of littleseed canarygrass (Phalaris minor Retz.). Crop was sown on 1 and 3 December during 2010–2011 and 2011–2012 cropping seasons, respectively. The results showed that wheat cultivar Shafaq-06 produced more phenolic compounds at all density levels of littleseed canarygrass during both years, which caused more inhibition of littleseed canarygrass growth. More suppressive advantage of cultivar Shafaq-06 against littleseed canarygrass was responsible for its better morphological and yield related traits, and grain yield than cultivars Faisalabad-08 and Sehar-06. Among the tested cultivars, cultivar Sehar-06 had minimum allelopathic potential in suppressing littleseed canarygrass. In crux, Shafaq-06 possesses allelopathic potential to suppress littleseed canarygrass and may be used for breeding future wheat cultivars with high allelopathic activity for better weed suppression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-592
Number of pages13
JournalArchives of Agronomy and Soil Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2 2016


  • allelopathy
  • bread wheat
  • breeding
  • phenolics
  • weeds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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