Air Quality and Under-five Mortality Rates in the Low-income Countries

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Abstract

Abstract: This study investigates the effects of air quality, measured by PM10 pollution, on mortality among children aged five years and less in the low-income category of countries. The empirical results obtained from three different estimation procedures consistently reveal that PM10 pollution is positively and statistically significantly correlated with deaths among children aged five years and less due to acute lower respiratory infections. The empirical findings also provide strong evidence that, other than PM10 pollution, health care spending, nutrition and immunisation against diphtheria are other significant determinants of mortality among children aged five years and less.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-864
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Development Studies
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 3 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development

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